United Nations: Is Russia part of the UN and what is Article 51 of the UN Charter?

During the meeting, Ukraine’s UN Ambassador Sergiy Kyslytsya effectively called for Russia’s expulsion from the meeting and the UN.

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“Three minutes ago your president declared war on my country,” Kyslytsya told his Russian counterpart.

Ukraine’s permanent representative to the United Nations Sergiy Kyslytsya walks to his seat during an emergency United Nations Security Council meeting on Ukraine in New York on February 23. Photo: TIMOTHY A. CLARY / AFP.

“There is no purgatory for war criminals, Mr. Ambassador, they go to hell,” he later continued.

Here’s how the UN has reacted so far and whether Russia can use the UN charter as justification for the invasion.

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Is Russia a member of the UN?

Sergiy Kyslytsya speaks during the emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council to discuss the threat of a full-scale invasion of Ukraine by Russia. Photo: David Dee Delgado/Getty Images.

The Russian Federation, which represents Russia, is a member of the United Nations, having assumed permanent member status after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The Soviet Union was a founding member of the UN in 1945.

How did the UN react to the Russian-Ukrainian war?

The UN was convening an emergency Security Council meeting when President Vladimir Putin ordered the “special military operation” that marked the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Alongside the meeting, Russian President Vladimir Putin went on television in Russia to announce the military operation, which was supposed to protect Ukrainian civilians from the rise of the Nazis, a claim widely considered incorrect.

During the council meeting, Ukrainian Ambassador Sergiy Kyslytsya said the council warned them that it was now “too late” for diplomacy.

“It is too late, my dear colleagues, to talk about de-escalation. I call on each of you to do your utmost to stop the war.

“President Putin, in the name of humanity, bring your troops back to Russia,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said after the Security Council’s emergency meeting on Ukraine.

He later called the invasion “the saddest moment of my tenure”.

What is Article 51 of the United Nations Charter?

Seeking to justify Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Russian Ambassador to the UN and current President of the Security Council Vasily Nebenzya told his fellow council members that ‘special operations’ were underway .

He went to assert that the action did not constitute a war and was a consequence of Ukraine’s actions.

“The purpose of the operation is to protect people who for eight years have suffered the ‘genocide of the Ukrainian regime,'” Nebenzya said, saying the action was justified under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. United.

This article allows for individual or collective self-defence in the face of an armed attack against a member state of the UN.

“Nothing in this Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence should an armed attack occur against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken such measures as may be necessary to maintain the peace and international security,” it read.

“Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right of self-defence shall be immediately reported to the Security Council and shall in no way affect the power and responsibility of the Security Council under this Charter. , to take at any time such measures as it deems necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Putin demanded that Ukrainian forces lay down their arms and reiterated his position that any Ukrainian membership in NATO was unacceptable to Moscow, according to state media.

However, other countries around the world have refuted claims that the invasion was legal, with German UN Ambassador Antje Leendertse calling it a “brazen violation of international law” and Britain’s Dame Barbara Woodward describing the attack as “unprovoked, unjust”. and a “dark day for Ukraine”.

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