UN Security Council scheduled session to discuss situation in BiH – Sarajevo Times
The United Nations (UN) Security Council has scheduled a session for May 11and discuss the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)based on a report by High Representative Christian Schmidt.
It is important to note that tthese are regular sessions held in May and November on the basis of Office of the High Representative (BRH)semestrial report.
The debate and analysis of the situation in BiH are due to the political crisis and tensions in the country that have lasted for almost a year, but also the war in Ukraine and Russian influence in the Balkans.
This month, the UN Security Council is chaired by the United States (WE).
On May 11, 2022, the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) Christian Schmidt is due to present to the United Nations (UN) Security Council his second, a total of 61st semi-annual report of the Office of the High Representative (OHR) on the implementation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace (Dayton Agreement) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Milorad Dodik, a member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) led by Dodik, and the SNSD-led government and the National Assembly of Republika Srpska (NARS) entity, in a new report, which “leaked” to the public was mentioned 70 times in negative context, on each of a total of 18 pages, RSEwrites.
In an earlier report, Schmidt warned, among other things, that “the country is in imminent danger of disintegration” and that there is a “very realistic prospect of a return to conflict”.
Transfer of jurisdiction and sanctions
The OHR reports briefly describe the most important developments since the previous report.
Most of the content of this year’s first report is devoted to the actions of the authorities of the SR entity.
The SNSD is the ruling party in the RS and is part of the government at BiH level. Schmidt’s report cites situations in which party officials, led by member of the BiH Presidency Milorad Dodik, blocked the work of state institutions – the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly of BiH. BiH (PABiH).
The Constitutional Court struck down three laws that attempted to register state ownership with the RS entity, and Schmidt’s report says the SNSD released a video directly attacking the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina for “having wanted to seize the forests, rivers and agricultural lands of the RS”.
Prior to the previous report, Dodik announced, among other things, that he would declare independence from RS in six months’ time if that entity is not restored to “original Dayton” jurisdiction.
He announced that the RS would withdraw its consent to the creation of the Armed Forces of BiH (AFBiH), the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of BiH (HJPC) and the Indirect Tax Authority of BiH (ITA BiH), would abolish the BiH Intelligence Agency and create an intelligence agency in the RS entity and withdraw approval for the establishment of the National Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA).
Borrowing and Blockade of State-Owned Enterprises
Schmidt also presented economic data on almost 376,000 unemployed people in BiH, that the lowest pensions range from 207 to 382 BAM (from 105 to 195 euros), that in 2021 alone around 170,000 people left BiH and that the total public debt exceeded 12.81 billion BAM (about 6.55 billion euros) or about 34.82% of GDP.
The report also states that the entity Federation of BiH (FBiH) adopted a budget in the amount of BAM 5.59 billion (approx. EUR 2.86 billion), where a deficit of BAM 929 million (approx. 470 million euros) has been offered, which the government plans to cover by borrowing.
The budget of the RS is around 4 billion BAM (about 2.06 billion euros), a quarter of which is covered by debt.
Schmidt also highlighted the difficult financial situation of the state public broadcaster BHRT (BiH Radio and Television), as well as the Bosnian Railway Public Corporation, the only public company in charge of managing the railway infrastructure in BiH. According to them, the RS Radio Television entity (RTRS) and the RS Railways refuse to pay the RTV fee, that is, they reduce transfers.