The UN holds its first general assembly in New York

United Nations, First General Assembly

October 23 is the 296th (297th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 69.

Railways

  • October 23, 1901 Deutsche Bank CEO George von Siemens dies. He worked for the realization of the Anatolia-Baghdad railway project.
  • October 23, 1978 The Turkey-Syria-Iraq railway line was opened.

Events

  • 1840 – The Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs is created.
  • 1853 – The Crimean War begins.
  • 1911 – During the Tripoli War, Italian Captain Carlo Piazza makes the first military reconnaissance flight in history over the Ottoman trenches in Benghazi. Piazza also later took the first military aerial photograph.
  • 1912 – Battle of Kumanovo between the Ottoman and Serbian armies in the First Balkan War.
  • 1915 – 25-30,000 women march down 5th Avenue in New York for their vote.
  • 1926 – In the Soviet Union, Leon Trotsky and Grigoriy Zinoviyev are expelled from the Central Committee of the Communist Party.
  • 1929 – The continuing decline in the value of stocks on the New York Stock Exchange slowly begins to cause panic (the first signs of the global economic depression of 1929)
  • 1946 – The United Nations holds its first general assembly in New York.
  • 1956 – An uprising against Soviet rule begins in Hungary. In demonstrations that spread across the country, the rebels demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops.
  • 1959-III. The Mediterranean Games are over. The Turkish national freestyle team came first in 8 weight categories and won 13 gold, 8 silver and 1 bronze medals overall.
  • 1960 – General census: the population of Turkey is 27,754,820
  • 1965 – President Cemal Gürsel assigns the task of establishing the government to Süleyman Demirel, chairman of the Justice Party.
  • 1972 – 20 workers died and 76 workers were injured in a firedamp explosion at two separate coal mines in Zonguldak.
  • 1973 – US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over the Oval Office audio recordings of the Watergate scandal to court.
  • 1981 – The Consultative Assembly holds its first meeting.
  • 1983 – Suicide bombing with trucks loaded with explosives against the American and French headquarters of the Peace Corps in Beirut. 241 American Marines and 58 French paratroopers are killed.
  • 1993 – Karun Treasure was brought to Turkey after 28 years.
  • 2011 – An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 occurred in Van.

Births

  • 1491 – Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish cleric and founder of the Jesuit order (died 1556)
  • 1636 – Hedwig Eleonora, wife of King XI of Sweden, Karl Gustav XI between 1654 and 1660. Karl’s mother (d. 1715)
  • 1690 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (died 1782)
  • 1715-II. Peter, Emperor of Russia (died 1730)
  • 1766 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, General and Marshal of France under Napoleon (died 1847)
  • 1797 Jan Jacob Rochussen, Dutch politician (died 1871)
  • 1801 – Albert Lortzing, German composer, singer and actor (d. 1851)
  • 1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, Prussian explorer and naturalist (died 1848)
  • 1817 – Pierre Larousse, French grammarian, lexicographer and encyclopaedist (d. 1875)
  • 1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, 23rd Vice President of the United States (died 1914)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Lewis, American chemist (died 1946)
  • 1875 – Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary and first Soviet education commissar (died 1933)
  • 1876 ​​- Franz Schlegelberger, State Secretary and Minister of Justice in the German Reich Ministry of Justice during the Third Reich (died 1970)
  • 1890 – Orhan Seyfi Orhon, Turkish poet (died 1972)
  • 1905 – Felix Bloch, Swiss-American physicist (died 1983)
  • 1905 Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (died 2003)
  • 1906 – Run Run Shaw, Hong Kong entrepreneur and producer (died 2014)
  • 1908 – Ilya Frank, Soviet nuclear physicist (died 1990)
  • 1915 – Bedri Karafakioğlu, Turkish scholar, scientist and former Rector of ITU (died 1978)
  • 1920 – Gianni Rodari, Italian writer and journalist, considered one of the best children’s writers (died 1980)
  • 1925 – Johnny Carson, American television host (died 2005)
  • 1925 – Manos Hacidakis, Greek composer (died 1994)
  • 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager (died 1990)
  • 1927 – Leszek Kołakowski, Polish thinker and historian of ideas (died 2009)
  • 1929 – Adalet Ağaoğlu, Turkish novelist and playwright and winner of the Orhan Kemal Novel Prize (died 2020)
  • 1934 – Rita Gardner, American actress and singer (died 2022)
  • 1939 – Stanley Anderson, American actor (died 2018)
  • 1940 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer
  • 1941 – Igor Smirnov, politician from Transnistria
  • 1942 – Michael Crichton, American writer, producer and screenwriter (died 2008)
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  • 1947 – Kazimierz Deyna, Polish footballer (died 1989)
  • 1947 – Abdulaziz al-Rantisi, Hamas member, Palestinian statesman (died 2004)
  • 1951 – Charly Garcia, Argentinian singer, songwriter, musician and producer
  • 1951 – Ángel de Andrés López, Spanish actor (died 2016)
  • 1951 – Fatmir Sejdiu, former president of Kosovo
  • 1953 – Taner Akçam, Turkish sociologist and historian
  • 1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese director
  • 1956 – Dianne Reeves, American jazz singer
  • 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American musician, songwriter and film actor
  • 1957 – Paul Kagame, Rwandan politician
  • 1957 – Adam Nawałka, former Polish national football player
  • 1959 – Sam Raimi, American director
  • 1959 – Weird Al” Yankovic, Serbian-American singer, musician, satirist, parodist, songwriter, accordionist and television host
  • 1960 – Mirwais Ahmadzaï, Swiss music producer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Randy Pausch, American professor of computer science (died 2008)
  • 1961 – Andoni Zubizarreta, retired Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Rashidi Yekini, Nigerian national football player (died 2012)
  • 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American musician
  • 1966 – Alex Zanardi, Italian speedway and disabled cyclist
  • 1969 – Dolly Buster, Hungarian producer, director, screenwriter and painter
  • 1970 – Grant Imahara, Japanese-American electronics engineer and television host (died 2020)
  • 1972 – Jasmin St. Claire, American pornographic film actress
  • 1974 – Sander Westerveld, Dutch national goalkeeper
  • 1975 – Manuela Velasco Spanish television presenter and actress
  • 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian television and film actor
  • 1978 – Jimmy Bullard, former German-English footballer
  • 1979 – Simon Davies, former Welsh footballer
  • 1981 – Daniela Alvarado, Venezuelan theater, film and television actress
  • 1982 – Kristjan Kangur, Estonian professional basketball player
  • 1982 – Aleksandar Luković, Serbian national footballer
  • 1984 – Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
  • 1984 – Keiren Westwood, Irish national footballer
  • 1984 – Meghan McCain, American conservative columnist and television host
  • 1985 – Mohammed Abdellaoue, former Moroccan-Norwegian national footballer
  • 1985 – Masiela Lusha, poet, writer, film and television actress
  • 1985 – Miguel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Emilia Clarke, English actress
  • 1986 – Briana Evigan, American actress
  • 1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress and model
  • 1987 – Seo In-guk South Korean singer and actor
  • 1989 – Alain Baroja, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1989 – Çağdaş Tailor, Turkish rap musician
  • 1989 – Andriy Yarmolenko, Ukrainian national footballer
  • 1990 – Paradise Oskar, Finnish singer
  • 1991 – Emil Forsberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1992 – Cassie Laine, American pornographic actress
  • 1992 – Álvaro Morata, Spanish footballer

Deaths

  • 42 BC – Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman military and political leader (born 85 BC)
  • 877 – Ignatius I, Patriarch of Constantinople from July 4, 858 to October 23, 867 and from November 23, 867 until his death on October 23, 877 (b. 797)
  • 891 – Yazman al-Hadim, governor of Tarsus during the Abbasid period from 882 until his death in 891, and chief military leader of Cilicia, Islam’s frontier lands with the Byzantine Empire
  • 930 – Emperor Daigo, 60th Emperor of Japan (b. 885)
  • 949 – Yōzei, 57th Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 869)
  • 1134 – Dânî, Andalusian scientist (born in 1068)
  • 1590 – Bernardino de Sahagún, Spanish missionary, Franciscan priest, traveller, geographer and writer (b. 1499)
  • 1688 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French lawyer, lexicographer, philologist, medieval and Byzantine historian (born in 1610)
  • 1834 – Feth Ali Shah Qajar, 2nd ruler of the Qajar dynasty who ruled Iran (b. 1772)
  • 1867 – Franz Bopp, German linguist (b. 1791)
  • 1869 – Edward Smith-Stanley, English statesman (b. 1799)
  • 1872 – Théophile Gautier, French poet and writer (born in 1811)
  • 1893 – Alexander I, first prince of the Autonomous Principality of Bulgaria (b. 1857)
  • 1906 – Vladimir Stasov, Russian critic (b. 1824)
  • 1910 – Chulalongkorn, King of Siam (now Thailand) (b. 1853)
  • 1917 – Eugène Grasset, Swiss artist (born in 1845)
  • 1920 – Anton Weichselbaum, Austrian pathologist and bacteriologist (b. 1845)
  • 1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (b. 1840)
  • 1935 – Charles Demuth, American painter (b. 1883)
  • 1943 – André Antoine, French actor, director, writer, critic (born in 1858)
  • 1944 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (b. 1877)
  • 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer (born in 1905)
  • 1980 – Gustav Krukenberg, German SS Commander (b. 1888)
  • 1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist (b. 1893)
  • 1999 – Neriman Köksal, Turkish actress and singer (born in 1928)
  • 2000 – Yokozuna, American professional wrestler (born 1966)
  • 2004 – Bill Nicholson, English football player, coach, trainer and player finder (scout) (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Ahmet Özacar, Turkish footballer (born in 1937)
  • 2005 – Nermin Erbakan, wife of Necmettin Erbakan (born in 1943)
  • 2010 – Fran Crippen, American long distance swimmer (born in 1984)
  • 2011 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician and chemist (born 1917)
  • 2011 – Marco Simoncelli, Italian motorcycle racer (born 1987)
  • 2013 – Anthony Caro, English abstract sculptor (born in 1924)
  • 2014 – Ghulam Azam, leader of the Bangladeshi Jamaat-e-Islami (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Vecihi Timuroğlu, Turkish writer, poet, researcher (born in 1927)
  • 2016 – Pete Burns, English singer and songwriter (born 1959)
  • 2016 – Nerses Hovhannisyan, Armenian director, screenwriter and actor (born in 1938)
  • 2016 – Caliph bin Hamed es-Sani, Emir of Qatar, who reigned from 1972 to 1995 (b. 1932)
  • 2017 – Walter Lassally, German-born Anglo-Greek cinematographer (born 1926)
  • 2018 – Daniel Contet, French professional tennis player (born in 1943)
  • 2018 – James Karen, American actor and Broadway stage actor (born 1923)
  • 2019 – Santos Juliá, Spanish historian and sociologist (born in 1940)
  • 2019 – James W. Montgomery, American bishop and clergyman (born 1921)
  • 2019 – Alfred Znamierowski, Polish flag designer, publisher, writer, journalist and illustrator (born in 1940)
  • 2020 – Yehuda Barkan, Israeli actor, screenwriter, director and producer (born in 1945)
  • 2020 – David Barnes, New Zealand offshore racer (born 1958)
  • 2020 – Ebbe Skovdahl, Danish former professional footballer and manager (born 1945)
  • 2020 – Jerry Jeff Walker, American country singer, songwriter and guitarist (born 1942)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Hungarian National Day
  • Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle Day

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