prime minister – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ Tue, 15 Mar 2022 02:21:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://list-nation.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-120x120.png prime minister – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ 32 32 Ukraine War: Boris Johnson calls on Western nations to ‘take back control’ of energy supplies to end ‘dependency’ on Russian oil and gas | Political news https://list-nation.com/ukraine-war-boris-johnson-calls-on-western-nations-to-take-back-control-of-energy-supplies-to-end-dependency-on-russian-oil-and-gas-political-news/ Mon, 14 Mar 2022 23:40:48 +0000 https://list-nation.com/ukraine-war-boris-johnson-calls-on-western-nations-to-take-back-control-of-energy-supplies-to-end-dependency-on-russian-oil-and-gas-political-news/ Boris Johnson has called on Western countries to “take back control” of their energy supplies and end a “dependency” on Russian oil and gas which has subjected them to the “blackmail” of Vladimir Putin. In a Daily Telegraph article, the Prime Minister insisted that the West “cannot continue like this” and remains “economically dependent” on […]]]>

Boris Johnson has called on Western countries to “take back control” of their energy supplies and end a “dependency” on Russian oil and gas which has subjected them to the “blackmail” of Vladimir Putin.

In a Daily Telegraph article, the Prime Minister insisted that the West “cannot continue like this” and remains “economically dependent” on Russian resources following the country’s invasion of Ukraine.

Mr Johnson’s appeal precedes his planned trip to Saudi Arabiawhich the prime minister hopes will help persuade the kingdom to increase its own oil and gas production.

This would allow the West to wean itself off Russian supplies.

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Ukraine: 5 key moments from day 19

In his diary entry, Mr Johnson acknowledged that “a terrible mistake” was made after Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, when Western countries “decided we could somehow go back to the normal”.

“Economic relations have not just picked up – they have intensified, with the West taking more Russian gas than ever before, becoming more dependent on Putin’s goodwill and more exposed to the vagaries of the global gas price and oil,” he wrote.

“And so when he finally came to launch his vicious war in Ukraine, he knew the world would have a hard time punishing him. He knew he had been addictive.”

The Prime Minister added that as the Russian assault on Ukraine continues, “the cost of oil and gas is still rising, which means less money in your pocket and more in Putin’s.

“We cannot go on like this. The world cannot be subjected to this continuous blackmail,” he added.

Mr Johnson described Russia’s “vast hydrocarbon resource” as Mr Putin’s “strength” but also its “weakness”.

“Putin’s Russia earns little that the rest of the world wants to buy,” he wrote.

“If the world can end its dependence on Russian oil and gas, we can starve it of money, destroy its strategy and shrink it down to size.”

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The prime minister has promised that a new energy security strategy will be released by the government later this month.

He stressed the need to “take back control” and for the UK to “become more empowered and no longer be at the mercy of bullies like Putin”.

As well as hailing the value of green energy – such as wind, solar and tidal power – Mr Johnson also said now was the time to make a series of new big bets on nuclear power.

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Energy bills soar due to rising gas prices and war between Ukraine and Russia

Despite the government’s ambition to reach net zero by 2050, Mr Johnson said fossil fuels would still be needed to ‘transition’ to new energy sources as he proposal for greater investment in North Sea oil and gas.

The Prime Minister’s comments come as more than 30 campaign groups have called on the government to provide more support to households, cut gas consumption and switch to renewable energy as bills soar.

In a letter to Mr Johnson, Chancellor Rishi Sunak and Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng, the 33 environmental and social organizations warn that rising energy bills could leave one in three households in fuel poverty and that action is needed to help the poorest families.

The letter asks them to “ensure that the next energy independence plan protects vulnerable households, lowers bills, tackles the climate emergency, tackles air pollution and cuts gas at UK”.

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War in Ukraine highlights internal divisions in Middle Eastern countries https://list-nation.com/war-in-ukraine-highlights-internal-divisions-in-middle-eastern-countries/ Tue, 08 Mar 2022 06:13:28 +0000 https://list-nation.com/war-in-ukraine-highlights-internal-divisions-in-middle-eastern-countries/ In a neighborhood of the Iraqi capital, a gigantic poster of Vladimir Putin with the words “We support Russia” was displayed for a few hours before a security force arrived and hastily took it down. Then came the security directive: Any public display of Putin’s photos will be prohibited. In Lebanon, the powerful Hezbollah militia […]]]>

In a neighborhood of the Iraqi capital, a gigantic poster of Vladimir Putin with the words “We support Russia” was displayed for a few hours before a security force arrived and hastily took it down. Then came the security directive: Any public display of Putin’s photos will be prohibited.

In Lebanon, the powerful Hezbollah militia has railed against the government’s condemnation of Russia’s attack on Ukraine, calling for neutrality.

Such squabbles show the deep divisions over Ukraine’s war in the Middle East, where Moscow has emerged as a key player in recent years, making powerful friends among state and non-state actors as the influence of America was shrinking.

Political elites closely allied with the West fear alienating Russia or the United States and Europe. But other forces — from Shiite militia factions in Iraq to the Lebanese Hezbollah group and Houthi rebels in Yemen — vocally support Russia against Ukraine.

These groups are seen as Iran’s boots on the ground in the so-called anti-American “axis of resistance.” Putin has won their support largely through his close ties to Tehran and his military intervention in the Syrian civil war in support of President Bashar Assad.

They see Putin as a stable and reliable partner who, unlike the Americans, does not let his allies down. In their circles, they even have an affectionate nickname for Putin – “Abu Ali” – which is a common name among Shia Muslims and meant to portray a certain camaraderie.

Meanwhile, governments are walking a tightrope.

“Iraq is against the war but has not condemned it or taken sides,” said political analyst Ihsan Alshamary, who heads the policy think tank in Baghdad. Iraq must remain neutral as it shares interests with Russia and the West, he said.

He said Iran’s allies in the region are openly with Russia “because they are anti-American and anti-Western and believe Russia is their ally.”

Russia has invested up to $14 billion in Iraq and the Kurdish-ruled northern region, mostly in the energy sector, Moscow Ambassador Elbrus Kutrashev told the Iraqi Kurdish News Agency. Rudaw in a recent interview.

Among the main oil companies operating in the country are Russian Lukoil, Gazprom Neft and Rosneft.

Iraq also has close ties with the United States, but Western companies regularly plot to pull out of Iraq’s oil sector.

Iraq’s strongest move yet came after its central bank advised the prime minister against signing new contracts with Russian companies or paying in light of US sanctions. The decision will impact new Russian investment in the country, but little else, Russian industry officials said.

Last week, Iraq was among 35 countries that abstained in a UN General Assembly vote to demand that Russia halt its offensive and withdraw its troops from Ukraine. Lebanon voted in favor, while Syria, where ties with Russia run deep, voted against. Iran also abstained.

In Lebanon, an unusually direct statement by the Foreign Ministry denouncing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine caused outcry and upset Russians, forcing the minister to clarify that Lebanon had no intention of taking sides and would remain neutral.

“They distance themselves and claim neutrality where they want, and they interfere and condemn where they want,” Hezbollah MP Ibrahim Moussawi wrote on Twitter, targeting the Foreign Ministry. “What foreign policy does Lebanon follow, and what is Lebanon’s interest in that? Please clarify for us, Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Hezbollah, which has also sent thousands of fighters to neighboring Syria to bolster Assad’s forces, seized on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine to portray it as the inevitable result of US provocations and a new betrayal by the United States of its allies – in this case, Ukraine.

In Syria, where Russia maintains thousands of troops, billboards proclaiming “Victory for Russia” appeared in neighborhoods in Damascus this week. In opposition-held areas, which are still hit by Russian airstrikes, residents hope the pressure will ease if Russia becomes bogged down in fighting in Ukraine.

In Iraq, the war in Ukraine highlights the divisions in an already fractured landscape during stalled efforts to form a new government, five months after parliamentary elections were held.

The huge pro-Putin billboard was briefly installed in a Baghdad neighborhood seen as a stronghold of powerful Iran-backed militias. After it was removed, the Russian Embassy in Baghdad tweeted an image of it.

“The poster was provocative, I’m against it,” said Athir Ghorayeb, who works at a nearby cafe. Iraq is just emerging from decades of war and conflict, he said. “Why do they insist on involving us in new issues? »

Many Iraqis see Russia’s invasion of Ukraine as echoes of Saddam Hussein’s invasion of neighboring Kuwait and the years of economic sanctions against Iraq that followed. Just a few days ago, Iraq finished paying reparations to Kuwait amounting to more than $52 billion.

On social networks, Iraqi pages on Facebook with millions of followers posted news of what is happening in Ukraine, sharing their views. “Our hearts are with the civilians, because those who have tasted war know its disasters,” posted a user, Zahra Obaidi.

“We have tents for refugees and internally displaced people, so you are welcome to come and use them,” Hafidh Salih said.

Toby Dodge, professor of international relations at the London School of Economics, said Iraq’s decisions – to abstain from voting at the UN while limiting economic activity – were prudent, managing short-term risks without adopting an ideological position.

But the longer the war drags on, the more difficult it will be to maintain this strategy.

“Iraq is deeply divided politically between pro-Iranian actors and those who are anti-Iranian trying to assert their autonomy. Ukraine becomes another performance, another example where either side can restore their image,” he said.

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Karam reported from Beirut. Associated Press writer Samya Kullab in Kabul contributed reporting.

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Finns and Swedes want neutral nations in NATO, poll finds https://list-nation.com/finns-and-swedes-want-neutral-nations-in-nato-poll-finds/ Thu, 03 Mar 2022 23:14:12 +0000 https://list-nation.com/finns-and-swedes-want-neutral-nations-in-nato-poll-finds/ “The unthinkable could start to become thinkable,” tweeted former Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt, a supporter of NATO membership. Neither country will join the alliance overnight. Support for NATO membership goes up and down, and there is no clear majority to join their parliaments. But the signs of change since Russia began its invasion last […]]]>

“The unthinkable could start to become thinkable,” tweeted former Swedish Prime Minister Carl Bildt, a supporter of NATO membership.

Neither country will join the alliance overnight. Support for NATO membership goes up and down, and there is no clear majority to join their parliaments.

But the signs of change since Russia began its invasion last week are unmistakable.

The attack on Ukraine prompted Finland and Sweden to break with their policy of not supplying arms to countries at war by sending assault rifles and anti-tank weapons to Kiev. For Sweden, this is the first time it has offered military aid since 1939, when it helped Finland against the Soviet Union.

Seemingly sensing a shift in its Nordic neighbours, the Russian Foreign Ministry last week expressed concern over what it described as efforts by the United States and some of its allies to “drag” Finland and Sweden into NATO and warned that Moscow would be forced to retaliate if they joined the alliance.

The Swedish and Finnish governments have countered that they will not let Moscow dictate their security policy.

“I want to be extremely clear: it is Sweden that decides itself and independently on our security policy line,” said Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson.

Finland has a history of conflict with Russia, with which it shares a 1,340 kilometer (830 mile) border. Finns have fought in dozens of wars against their eastern neighbor, for centuries as part of the Kingdom of Sweden, and as an independent nation, including two with the Soviet Union of 1939-40 and 1941-44.

In the post-war period, however, Finland pursued pragmatic political and economic ties with Moscow, remaining militarily non-aligned and a neutral buffer between East and West.

Sweden has avoided military alliances for more than 200 years, choosing the path of peace after centuries of war with its neighbors.

Both countries ended traditional neutrality by joining the European Union in 1995 and deepening their cooperation with NATO. However, a majority of people in both countries have remained strongly opposed to full membership in the alliance – until now.

The YLE poll showed 53% in favor of Finland joining NATO, with just 28% against. The poll had a margin of error of 2.5 percentage points and included 1,382 respondents surveyed from February 23-25. The invasion of Russia began on February 24.

“This is a very important change,” said lead researcher Matti Pesu of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. “We have had a situation over the last 25 to 30 years where Finns’ views on NATO have been very stable. He now seems to have completely changed.

While noting that it is not possible to draw conclusions from a single poll, Pesu said no similar shift in public opinion occurred after the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia. and the annexation of the Crimean peninsula in 2014, “so this is an exception”.

In Sweden, a poll commissioned in late February by public broadcaster SVT found that 41% of Swedes favor NATO membership and 35% oppose it, marking the first time that supporters have surpassed those against. .

The Nordic duo, important NATO partners in the Baltic Sea region where Russia has dramatically increased its military maneuvers over the past decade, have strongly emphasized that it is up to them alone to decide whether to join or not. the military alliance.

In his New Year’s speech, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto clearly stated that “Finland’s room for maneuver and freedom of choice also includes the possibility of military alignment and an application for NATO membership. , if we decide for ourselves”.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg noted last week that for Helsinki and Stockholm “it’s about self-determination and the sovereign right to choose your own path, and then potentially in the future, to also apply for NATO”.

There are no set criteria for joining NATO, but potential candidates must meet certain political and other considerations. Many observers believe that Finland and Sweden would qualify for accelerated entry into NATO without lengthy negotiations within months.

Although not members, Finland and Sweden cooperate closely with NATO, allowing, among other things, alliance troops to exercise on their soil. Helsinki and Stockholm have also significantly stepped up their bilateral defense cooperation in recent years, and both have maintained close military cooperation with the United States, Britain and neighboring NATO member Norway.

Niinisto’s office said Thursday that he would meet with President Biden at the White House on Friday “to discuss Russia’s attack on Ukraine, the effects of the war on the European security order and cooperation bilateral”.

The Finnish head of state is one of the few Western leaders to have had a regular dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin since Niinisto took office in 2012. Niinisto also enjoys good relations with Biden and two leaders have maintained close contacts throughout Ukraine. crisis.

In December, Biden called Niinisto and said he was pleased with Finland’s decision to buy 64 Lockheed Martin F-35A stealth fighter jets to replace the country’s aging F-18 fighters. Biden said the move would pave the way for closer U.S.-Finnish military ties in the future.

Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin said this week that her Social Democratic party would discuss possible NATO membership with other parties, but did not set a deadline. She said everyone agrees that the events of the past few weeks have been a game-changer.

“Together, we see that the security situation has changed remarkably since Russia attacked Ukraine. It’s a fact that we have to acknowledge,” Marin said.

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Invasion of Ukraine: the failure of the United Nations https://list-nation.com/invasion-of-ukraine-the-failure-of-the-united-nations/ Thu, 03 Mar 2022 18:32:19 +0000 https://list-nation.com/invasion-of-ukraine-the-failure-of-the-united-nations/ It is a total failure of the UN system that has been ransomed by Western countries led by the United States The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the denial of the Security Council resolution gave world watchers an opportunity to assess the role of the United Nations and its relevance today in policing the civilized […]]]>

It is a total failure of the UN system that has been ransomed by Western countries led by the United States

The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the denial of the Security Council resolution gave world watchers an opportunity to assess the role of the United Nations and its relevance today in policing the civilized world.

The Charter of the United Nations “empowers the United Nations and its Member States to maintain international peace and security, to uphold international law, to achieve higher standards of living” for their citizens, to resolve economic, social, health and related problems” and to promote “universal respect for, and respect for, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion”.

However, the world is not run by peace-loving philosophers and philanthropists, but by political and military leaders. US President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the word United States and since then the United States and its Western allies have practically dictated the terms of the operation of the UN and behaved like the so-called policemen of the world. The result was an intense cold war between the US-led NATO and the Soviet Union and a frantic race between adversary countries for missiles and weapons and the deployment of atomic weapons. The Cold War ended with the breakup of the Soviet Union.

If we analyze the current Russian invasion of Ukraine, it becomes clear how this small country with good resources has been used as a pawn by America and its Western allies. Since Ukraine became independent and showed a fondness for the United States and its European allies, Russian President Vladimir Putin, a former KGB officer, has pledged to bring back the past glory of the Soviet era to the Russians. After coming to power, his popularity rose from 2% to 45% following his role in the annexation of Chechnya – which is now known as Chechnya, a constituent republic of Russia. In 2014, Russia invaded and annexed the Crimean Peninsula and on March 18, 2014, it became a constituent republic of Russia when President Vladimir Putin signed membership. In retaliation, the United States and its European partners signed several agreements with Ukraine and encouraged it to join NATO. The United States attempted to encircle Russia and bring nuclear and weapon arsenals to Russian doorsteps.

Russian President Putin has warned the West and Ukraine not to join NATO and cited it as the violation of the 2015 Minsk Treaty between Russia and Ukraine brokered by the French president.

Now let’s look at the scenario. America and its partners have a habit of bombing the world everywhere as they did in Iraq, Vietnam and Afghanistan, citing a threat to international peace, but withdrawing without giving confidence to countries and peoples affected. America has bombed more than 30 countries so far and is responsible for the bloodshed and ruining the lives of millions of people. The way they withdrew and left their weapons in Afghanistan makes a mockery of the Charter of the United Nations. So far, the United States has exercised the right of veto more than 80 times. The Indian government’s response to the US-backed resolution at the UN Security Council on February 26, 2022 has been widely accepted by the people of India, as Russia has been a tried friend and exercised veto power to the United Nations four times in favor of India during the crucial moments and especially in 1948 and 1971.

Putin may be a dictator in the eyes of the West by violating the UN Charter and he has threatened to use nuclear energy if the US and NATO come to the rescue of Ukraine. But in this war, it is reimbursing the Americans in the same style in which they have bombed other countries by piggybacking on the United Nations system. It is a total failure of the United Nations system that has been ransomed by Western countries led by the United States. We see that the West has two value systems, one for them and one for other countries. There is a whole ecosystem in the United States and Europe that is ragingly promoting anti-national elements in India with the aim of Balkanizing it like the Soviet Union.

Take the case of the farmers’ unrest last year, the New York era was full of abusive offensive writing in league with anti-Indian forces. Similarly, Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau has been highly critical of India’s handling of this unrest and now the whole world is noticing how harshly Canada is dealing with the farmers’ unrest and the New York Times is silent. It is for this reason that China is now emerging as another international tyrant.

(The author is the president of the Center for Resource Management and the Environment. Opinions expressed are personal.)

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Ukraine calls on the United Nations to investigate alleged Russian war crimes – National https://list-nation.com/ukraine-calls-on-the-united-nations-to-investigate-alleged-russian-war-crimes-national/ Mon, 28 Feb 2022 16:20:30 +0000 https://list-nation.com/ukraine-calls-on-the-united-nations-to-investigate-alleged-russian-war-crimes-national/ Ukraine and its allies on Monday called for a United Nations investigation into possible war crimes committed by Russia during its military actions in Ukraine. The UN Human Rights Council voted on Monday to accept Ukraine’s request to hold an emergency debate on the Russian invasion on Thursday. A Ukrainian draft resolution will be considered […]]]>

Ukraine and its allies on Monday called for a United Nations investigation into possible war crimes committed by Russia during its military actions in Ukraine.

The UN Human Rights Council voted on Monday to accept Ukraine’s request to hold an emergency debate on the Russian invasion on Thursday. A Ukrainian draft resolution will be considered during the emergency debate.

If passed, a commission of three independent experts will investigate all alleged violations of international law in Crimea and the Donetsk and Luhansk regions since 2014 and in other parts of Ukraine since the Russian invasion last week. .

Read more:

Ukrainian and Russian officials meet in Belarus for ceasefire talks as war rages on

Ukraine’s ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, Yevheniia Filipenko, told the Human Rights Council: “Russian forces are trying to sow panic among the population by specifically targeting kindergartens and orphanages. , hospitals and mobile medical aid brigades, thereby committing acts that may constitute war crimes. .”

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Sheba Crocker, US ambassador to the UN in Geneva, said in a statement to Reuters that Monday’s vote to hold the debate showed Russia was completely isolated in the council.

“Only four countries supported Russia’s position, clearly demonstrating that the international community is united in condemning Russia’s blatant action,” she said.


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Tensions continue to rise as Russian troops approach Kiev


Tensions continue to rise as Russian troops approach Kiev

Russian Ambassador Gennady Gatilov said he had launched “special operations to stop the tragedy” in Ukraine’s breakaway region of Donbass, and that Russian forces were not firing at civilian targets in Ukraine.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Tuesday canceled his planned visit to Geneva to address the forum, which the Moscow mission said was “due to an unprecedented ban on his flight in the airspace of a number of EU countries that have imposed anti-Russian sanctions”. but gave no details.

The cancellation coincided with neutral Switzerland imposing financial sanctions on Russian President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin and Lavrov.

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British Minister of State Lord Ahmad has called for an investigation into alleged human rights abuses by Russia.

“There are various ongoing discussions here at the Human Rights Council about this investigative mechanism. There are other commitments we have, including with the ICC (International Criminal Court), to ensure accountability for these crimes that are being committed every hour, every day in the sovereign territory of Ukraine. he told Reuters.

Read more:

Canadians urged to avoid non-essential travel to Russia during war in Ukraine

He said Russia was increasingly isolated economically, politically and diplomatically.

“We will continue to work with our international partners to ensure that again a very clear message is sent to Russia that there is a major economic cost for Russian institutions, Russian banks, that this invasion is going to cost them dearly. .”

Canada’s Foreign Minister, Mélanie Joly, told the UN rights forum: “Let me convey something directly to the representative of Russia: human rights are universal and cannot be manipulated. to justify wars and crimes.

Additional reporting by Emma Farge; written by Stephanie Nebehay; Editing by Peter Graff and Angus MacSwan

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‘Thugs and bullies’: Nations sanction Russia over Ukraine https://list-nation.com/thugs-and-bullies-nations-sanction-russia-over-ukraine/ Wed, 23 Feb 2022 07:10:53 +0000 https://list-nation.com/thugs-and-bullies-nations-sanction-russia-over-ukraine/ TOKYO (AP) — World leaders on Wednesday sought to back up their harsh words about Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, announcing financial sanctions, trade and travel bans and other measures designed to pressure Moscow to withdraw from the brink of war. However, even as they increased sanctions, countries in Asia and the Pacific were also bracing […]]]>

TOKYO (AP) — World leaders on Wednesday sought to back up their harsh words about Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, announcing financial sanctions, trade and travel bans and other measures designed to pressure Moscow to withdraw from the brink of war.

However, even as they increased sanctions, countries in Asia and the Pacific were also bracing for the possibility of economic hardship, in the form of cuts in traditional energy and grain supply lines, and retaliation. against Russian cyberattacks.

“We cannot suggest that Russia has a case right here that it is pursuing. They are behaving like thugs and bullies, and they should be called thugs and bullies,” Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said as he announced targeted financial sanctions and travel bans as a first step in response to the Russian aggression against Ukraine.

The possibility of impending war in Ukraine raised fears not only of massive casualties, but also of widespread energy shortages and global economic chaos.

The punitive actions in Asia followed sanctions imposed by US President Joe Biden and European leaders against Russian oligarchs and banks in response to the gathering of 150,000 Russian troops on three sides of Ukraine. While the largest army has yet to move, Russian forces have deployed in rebel-held parts of eastern Ukraine after Russian President Vladimir Putin recognized the independence of those regions.

In Japan, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced sanctions targeting Russia and the two separatist Ukrainian regions.

Kishida told reporters that Tokyo would ban any further issuance and distribution of Russian government bonds in Japan due to “a series of actions Russia has taken in Ukraine”.

Kishida said Japan would also stop issuing visas to people linked to Ukraine’s two rebel regions and freeze their assets in Japan. Tokyo will also ban trade with the two areas. He said Japanese officials were finalizing further details and added that Japan may increase sanctions if the situation escalates.

Japan opened a temporary office in Lviv, western Ukraine, to help evacuate about 120 Japanese citizens, and organized charter flights to neighboring countries, Kishida said.

Authorities in South Korea, which depends on imports to meet almost all fossil fuel demand, held emergency meetings on Wednesday to assess how events in Ukraine would hurt their country’s economy.

The fallout has so far been limited, but First Deputy Finance Minister Lee Eog-weon said things could get worse if the situation in Ukraine escalates and there is “disruption energy supply chains and increased market volatility”.

While South Korea relies heavily on imports from Russia and Ukraine for wheat and corn, Lee said the country has enough reserves to last until June or July.

The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy also discussed ways to secure alternative energy supplies in case the Ukraine crisis disrupts current methods.

US officials said an invasion was almost inevitable. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken canceled plans for a Thursday meeting in Geneva with his Russian counterpart, saying it would not be productive and that Russia’s actions indicated Moscow was not serious about a peaceful way to resolve the crisis.

More than two dozen members of the European Union have unanimously agreed to impose their own initial round of sanctions against Russian officials. Germany also said it was suspending the certification process for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline from Russia – a lucrative deal long sought by Moscow but criticized by the United States for increasing Europe’s dependence on energy Russian.

The United States decided to cut off the Russian government from Western finance, sanctioning two of its banks and preventing it from trading its debt on the American and European markets. The Biden administration’s actions have hit civilian leaders in Russia’s leadership hierarchy and two Russian banks seen as particularly close to the Kremlin and the Russian military, with more than $80 billion in assets. This includes freezing all assets of these banks under US jurisdiction.

Australia’s cabinet on Wednesday approved sanctions and travel bans that target eight Russian Security Council members, and agreed to align with the United States and Britain in targeting two Russian banks.

“It is important that we play our part in the wider international community to ensure that those who fund, profit from an autocratic and authoritarian regime that invades its neighbor have nowhere to run and nowhere to hide. when it comes to trying to move their money around,” said Morrison, the Prime Minister.

Australia has also warned companies to prepare for retaliation through Russian cyberattacks.

In New Zealand, Russian Ambassador Georgii Zuev was summoned to meet with senior diplomatic officials and “to hear New Zealand’s strong opposition to the measures taken by Russia in recent days”, the foreign minister said. Nanaia Mahuta in a statement. Mahuta is currently traveling abroad.

At the United Nations, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the world was facing “the greatest global peace and security crisis in recent years”. He called Russia’s declaration of the “so-called ‘independence'” of breakaway areas in eastern Ukraine a violation of its territorial integrity and accused Moscow of ‘the perversion of the concept of peacekeeping “.

He urged the international community to mobilize “to save the people of Ukraine and beyond from the scourge of war” without further bloodshed.

In Washington, lawmakers from both parties in Congress displayed a largely unified front backing an independent Ukraine and pledging continued US support, even as some called for faster and even tougher sanctions on Russia.

On Tuesday, members of Russia’s upper house, the Federation Council, voted unanimously to allow Putin to use military force outside the country – formalizing a Russian military deployment in rebel regions, where an eight-year conflict has killed nearly 14,000 people.

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AP writers around the world have contributed to this story.

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US assures Baltics as it warns Russia is ‘ready to strike’ https://list-nation.com/us-assures-baltics-as-it-warns-russia-is-ready-to-strike/ Sat, 19 Feb 2022 14:01:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/us-assures-baltics-as-it-warns-russia-is-ready-to-strike/ US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin assured the Baltics that they would not be alone in the face of Russia’s security threats, but he refrained from promising a permanent deployment of US troops in the former Soviet republics. r Austin was in Lithuania as a massive build-up of Russian troops and other actions led Western […]]]>

US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin assured the Baltics that they would not be alone in the face of Russia’s security threats, but he refrained from promising a permanent deployment of US troops in the former Soviet republics.

r Austin was in Lithuania as a massive build-up of Russian troops and other actions led Western officials to warn that Moscow could invade Ukraine at any time, although Russia denied planning an invasion.

“They are unfolding and now ready to strike,” Austin said of the Russian position.

Lithuanian officials have expressed concern that Russian President Vladimir Putin’s purported ambitions could extend across the region.

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Lloyd Austin, left, spoke alongside Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis (Mindaugas Kulbis/AP)

Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis said in a joint press conference with Mr. Austin: “The battle for Ukraine is a battle for Europe. If Putin doesn’t stop there, he will go further.

“They choose the path which is based on strength. We need to send a very clear and unambiguous message that he would be faced with a very clear and quick response.

The Baltic countries of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia joined NATO on the same day in March 2004, and the alliance operates on the principle that an attack on one member country is an attack on all.

Lithuania, a nation of 2.8 million people, borders Russian ally Belarus and the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad.

Mr Austin said: “I want everyone in Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia to know – and I want President Putin and the Kremlin to know – that the United States of America stands with our allies. .”

He also met with Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda, Prime Minister Ingrida Simonyte and Defense Ministers of Latvia and Estonia during his two-day visit to Lithuania.

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Lloyd Austin, left, met with leaders from Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia (Mindaugas Kulbis/AP)

Mr. Nauseda asked Washington for the permanent deployment of a rotating battalion in the Baltic countries, stressing that the situation in Eastern Europe continues to deteriorate.

“Russia’s military buildup on NATO’s eastern border changes the overall security situation,” he said.

“Therefore, the decision to strengthen security in the region with additional troops from the United States and to accelerate collaboration on military acquisitions is essential.”

The United States has deployed regular battle group rotations of approximately 500 soldiers and armored vehicles since 2019.

Mr Austin did not comment on the request to deploy permanent military units to Lithuania, Latvia or Estonia.

“I have no announcement to make today,” he said. “We will continue to assess situations and consult with our allies and make adjustments as necessary.”

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Sudan’s leading pro-democracy group rejects UN mediation efforts | United Nations News https://list-nation.com/sudans-leading-pro-democracy-group-rejects-un-mediation-efforts-united-nations-news/ Fri, 04 Feb 2022 16:11:15 +0000 https://list-nation.com/sudans-leading-pro-democracy-group-rejects-un-mediation-efforts-united-nations-news/ The Sudanese Professionals Association refuses to meet with UN representatives and accuses the UN mission of failing to condemn the military coup. Sudan’s leading pro-democracy group has blasted the United Nations, accusing it of failing to protect the country’s transition to democracy and of being soft on the generals who led the October 25 military […]]]>

The Sudanese Professionals Association refuses to meet with UN representatives and accuses the UN mission of failing to condemn the military coup.

Sudan’s leading pro-democracy group has blasted the United Nations, accusing it of failing to protect the country’s transition to democracy and of being soft on the generals who led the October 25 military coup.

The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), which has led dozens of protests since the military coup in October – and also led protests in 2019 that led to the ousting of former Sudanese President Omar al -Bashir – again rejected a UN initiative. Mission in Sudan aimed at bringing civilians and soldiers to the negotiating table.

“The UNITAMS mission failed to fulfill its mission in accordance with the mandate given to it by the UN Security Council to support and monitor the democratic transition in the country,” the group said. said in a press release Friday on his official Twitter account.

“Your mission did not explicitly condemn the coup,” he added. “All the movements of your mission implied recognition of the coup authorities.”

The African nation has been on a shaky path to democracy since a popular uprising forced the military to depose al-Bashir and his government in April 2019.

The upheaval in Sudan deepened last month after the resignation of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, who had been the civilian face of the transitional government for the past two years.

The prime minister, who was deposed in the October coup only to be reinstated a month later under heavy international pressure, resigned on January 2 after his efforts to reach a compromise failed.

“Position of neutrality”

Friday’s statement came as the UN mission continued consultations to find a way out of the lingering crisis.

“By including the putschists, your consultations blatantly contradict the aspirations of the Sudanese people,” SPA said, speaking to Volker Perthes, head of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan, or UNITAMS .

“The initiative launched by Mr. Volcker… took a position of neutrality towards the military coup in its call for dialogue and communication between the ‘Sudanese parties’,” he said, adding that the position is in “violation of mandate”.

In the same statement, the SPA reiterated its opposition to any further discussion or partnership with the military. The group insisted that the military must withdraw from politics and allow an all-civilian government to lead the transition.

The group reiterated a slogan often used during anti-coup protests, saying: “No negotiation, no partnership, no legitimacy”.

Meanwhile, the Sovereign Council, formed by al-Burhan after the coup with himself as president, hailed the UN-led dialogue, as did the US, UK, Israel. Egypt, United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

The Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), Sudan’s main civilian bloc, also said they would join the consultations “to restore the democratic transition”.

Consultation sessions are continuing, with Perthes reportedly saying the mission wanted to “hear what the Sudanese think is the solution to overcoming the current political stalemate and not the other way around”.

Since the coup, at least 79 people have been killed and hundreds more injured in a widely condemned crackdown on protests, according to the Sudanese Doctors Committee, a medical group that tracks casualties among protesters.

There were also large-scale arrests of activists leading anti-coup protests and allegations of sexual violence, including rape and gang rape, during a December 19 protest in Khartoum, according to the UN.

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UN Security Council meets to discuss crisis in Ukraine | The United Nations https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-meets-to-discuss-crisis-in-ukraine-the-united-nations/ Mon, 31 Jan 2022 10:48:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-meets-to-discuss-crisis-in-ukraine-the-united-nations/ The UN Security Council meets on Monday to discuss the Ukraine crisis, with Washington pledging to hold Moscow to account as it works with NATO allies to tighten sanctions if Russia invades its neighbor . Fears of an imminent incursion have grown in recent days, despite denials from Moscow and calls from the Ukrainian president […]]]>

The UN Security Council meets on Monday to discuss the Ukraine crisis, with Washington pledging to hold Moscow to account as it works with NATO allies to tighten sanctions if Russia invades its neighbor .

Fears of an imminent incursion have grown in recent days, despite denials from Moscow and calls from the Ukrainian president to avoid sowing “panic” in the face of the massive reinforcement of the Russian army on the border.

The United States and Britain announced “devastating” new economic sanctions against Russia on Sunday, as Washington and its allies step up efforts to deter any invasion of Ukraine.

As tensions soar, the United States has said it is ready to push back against any “disinformation” presented by Moscow at what is expected to be one of the most closely watched UN sessions in years.

Russia will likely try on Monday to prevent the 15-member council from holding its US-requested meeting, “but the security council is unified. Our voices are united in calling on the Russians to explain themselves,” Washington’s UN envoy Linda Thomas-Greenfield told ABC News.

“We are going to come into the room ready to listen to them, but we are not going to be distracted by their propaganda,” she said on Sunday. “And we’re going to be ready to respond to any misinformation they try to spread at this meeting.”

Amid a flurry of diplomatic contacts, US Undersecretary of State Victoria Nuland told CBS that a proposal on security issues presented last week by the US and NATO to Russia could to have aroused interest in Moscow.

The proposal includes the likelihood of further talks this week between US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, meanwhile, took a tough stance, saying it was crucial that Washington send a strong message to Russian President Vladimir Putin that any aggression against Ukraine would have a cost. very high.

“We can’t have a moment in Munich again,” Sen. Bob Menendez said on CNN. “Putin will not stop at Ukraine.”

He said some sanctions could be imposed for actions Russia has already taken in Ukraine, including cyberattacks, but there would be “devastating sanctions that would ultimately crush Russia” if Moscow invaded.

Nuland said the White House was working closely with the Senate and that any sanctions measures would be “very well aligned” with those coming from European allies.

Putin “will feel it keenly”, she said.

In London, Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said Britain would unveil sanctions legislation targeting “a much wider variety” of Russian economic targets. “There will be nowhere for Putin’s oligarchs to hide,” Truss told Sky News.

Analysts say a range of sanctions hitting Russian banks and financial institutions would not only affect daily life across Russia, but could also upend major economies in Europe and elsewhere.

Western leaders are pursuing a two-pronged approach, stepping up military assistance to Ukraine but also undertaking a full-court diplomatic effort to defuse the crisis.

Britain is preparing to offer NATO a “major” deployment of troops, weapons, warships and jet planes, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced on Saturday. He is expected to meet with Putin next week.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg on Sunday hailed the increased military support while endorsing London’s diplomatic initiative.

Relations between Russia and the West are at their lowest since the Cold War, but Russia has repeatedly denied it poses a threat to the former Soviet republic and said on Sunday it wants “respectful” relations. with the United States.

“We want good, equal and mutually respectful relations with the United States, as with all countries in the world,” Lavrov told Russian television.

Citing NATO’s presence near its border, Russia presented security demands to Washington and the US-led military alliance.

They include a guarantee that NATO will not admit new members, especially Ukraine, and that the United States will not establish new military bases in ex-Soviet countries.

In the face of Russia’s rise, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called on the West to moderate the rhetoric.

The call, from a country also eager for Western support — especially since Moscow seized Crimea in 2014 and began fueling a deadly separatist conflict in the east of the country — has raised eyebrows in Washington.

Ukraine’s ambassador to the United States, Oksana Markarova, tried to reassure Americans on Sunday, telling CBS that Ukraine was “grateful to the United States,” but after eight years of living under threat Russian constant, “we cannot afford to panic”. ”.

Kyiv Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba urged Russia in a tweet to withdraw forces and “continue diplomatic engagement” if it is “serious” to defuse tensions.

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UN reports ‘extreme lack of food’ for many in Ethiopia’s blocked Tigray https://list-nation.com/un-reports-extreme-lack-of-food-for-many-in-ethiopias-blocked-tigray/ Fri, 28 Jan 2022 17:19:03 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-reports-extreme-lack-of-food-for-many-in-ethiopias-blocked-tigray/ NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) – More than a third of people in Ethiopia’s beleaguered Tigray region “suffer from an extreme lack of food,” the United Nations World Food Program said in a new assessment of a region under government blockade for several months. . “Families are exhausting all means to feed themselves, with three-quarters of the […]]]>

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) – More than a third of people in Ethiopia’s beleaguered Tigray region “suffer from an extreme lack of food,” the United Nations World Food Program said in a new assessment of a region under government blockade for several months. .

“Families are exhausting all means to feed themselves, with three-quarters of the population using extreme coping strategies to survive,” the WFP said in its report released on Friday, noting an increase in begging and reliance on a one meal a day. He called on all warring parties in Ethiopia to agree to a humanitarian ceasefire and “officially agreed transport corridors” for aid after 15 months of war.

The UN said no aid convoys had entered the Tigray region of some 6 million people since mid-December. Separately, the UN humanitarian agency said less than 10 percent of needed supplies, including medicine and fuel, have entered Tigray since mid-July. All international NGOs operating in Tigray have run out of fuel, “with their staff delivering what few remaining humanitarian supplies and services on foot, whenever possible”, the agency said in its Friday update.

The Ethiopian government is reluctant to let aid fall into the hands of Tigray forces that once dominated the national government and have been battling the current government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed since November 2020. The government has partly blamed the problems of Insecurity in aid delivery, she said, is caused by Tigray forces, including renewed fighting in the neighboring Afar region, near the only road corridor approved for aid.

Aid workers, however, also blame bureaucratic hurdles, including intrusive personal searches and confiscation of items, including personal medicines, prior to visits to Tigray. The new WFP report, based on face-to-face interviews with more than 980 households in accessible parts of Tigray, cited “extraordinary operational challenges”.

Meanwhile, hunger grows. When asked if there was a famine in Tigray, WFP spokesman Tomson Phiri told reporters in Geneva that it had not been declared. But “we have people facing near-starvation conditions. … Famine and near-famine conditions? Different animals, but the same beast.

The war has changed in recent weeks, with Tigray forces retreating to their area after trying to advance on the capital, Addis Ababa, and the Ethiopian army declaring it will not pursue them further. This paved the way for new mediation efforts by the United States and the African Union, with humanitarian access a key objective.

Aid began reaching people in the Amhara and Afar regions after incursions by Tigray forces displaced hundreds of thousands of people. But the new WFP report says some 9 million people, the highest number since the war, need food assistance in the three affected regions.

Ethiopia’s foreign ministry said this week it was working with humanitarian partners to facilitate daily cargo flights to Tigray “to transport much-needed medicine and supplies”. It is unclear when the daily flights will begin, although the International Committee of the Red Cross said on Wednesday it had made its first delivery of medical supplies to Tigray since September, calling it “a huge relief”. A second flight followed on Thursday.

The UN has said that time is running out. “Humanitarian organizations have warned that operations could cease completely by the end of February in Tigray,” UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters on Thursday.

The Tigray health office reported this week that nearly 1,500 people died of malnutrition in just one part of the region during a four-month period last year, including more than 350 young children. He cited more than 5,000 blockade-related deaths from hunger and disease in the country’s highest official death toll ever associated with the war.

The Ethiopian government has sought to restrict reporting on the war and has detained some journalists under a state of emergency, including PA-accredited independent videographer Amir Aman Kiyaro. The country’s Council of Ministers this week proposed ending the state of emergency now, citing the evolving security situation. This requires the approval of lawmakers.

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