More than 4.4 million Ukrainians fleeing war, UN says

More than 4.4 million Ukrainian refugees have fled their country since Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an invasion on February 24, according to figures from the UN refugee agency.

UNHCR said there were 4,441,663 Ukrainian refugees as of Saturday.

That was 59,347 more than the day before. Europe had not seen such an influx of refugees since the Second World War.

Ninety percent of those who have fled Ukraine are women and children, as Ukrainian authorities do not allow men of military age to leave.

According to the UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM), around 210,000 non-Ukrainians have also fled the country, sometimes encountering difficulties in returning to their country of origin.

The UN estimates that 7.1 million people have been internally displaced, according to figures released by IOM on April 5.

More than 11 million people, more than a quarter of the population, have been forced to flee their homes, cross the border to neighboring countries or seek refuge elsewhere in Ukraine.

Before the conflict, Ukraine was home to more than 37 million people in territory controlled by kyiv – which does not include Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014, nor areas to the east under the control of separatists. pro-Russian.

– Poland – Poland hosts by far the largest number of refugees.

Since February 24, 2,564,994 have entered Poland, according to the UNHCR. Many of them then travel to other European countries.

Among those who remain in Poland, 700,000 have already obtained a national identification number, the UNHCR announced on Friday.

The number is widely used in relations with Polish public institutions, health services, telephone numbers and access to certain banking services.

Polish border police estimate that more than 500,000 people have returned to Ukraine since the conflict.

Poland had about 1.5 million Ukrainian immigrant workers before the war.

Romania – According to the UN refugee agency, 678,081 people had traveled to Romania as of April 8, most of whom arrived via Moldova and then continued on to other countries.

After a visit to Romania this week, Raouf Mazou, UNHCR’s Deputy High Commissioner for Operations, acknowledged “the prompt action taken by the Romanian government to ensure access to rights and services through temporary protection”. .

Moldova – According to the UNHCR, 406,611 Ukrainians have entered Moldova, a small country of 2.6 million inhabitants among the poorest in Europe but also the closest to the Ukrainian port of Odessa.

The European Commission encourages Ukrainian refugees to continue their journey to settle in an EU country better able to bear the financial burden.

Hungary – As of April 8, Hungary had hosted 413,888 Ukrainians, according to the UNHCR.

Slovakia – As of April 8, a total of 310,989 people had arrived from Ukraine since the start of the war, according to the UNHCR.

Russia – The number of refugees in Russia stood at 389,845 as of April 8.

Between February 21 and 23, 113,000 people entered Russia from the separatist regions of Donetsk and Lugansk in eastern Ukraine.

Belarus – As of April 7, Belarus had taken in 19,096 people.

Method – The UNHCR indicated that for the countries bordering Ukraine which are part of the Schengen area (Hungary, Poland and Slovakia), the figures presented by the High Commissioner count those who have crossed the border and entered the country.

“UNHCR estimates that a large number of people have continued their journey to other countries.”

He also said he did not count people from neighboring countries who were leaving Ukraine to return home.

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