The letters BER stand for Bermuda, according to the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The British Overseas Territory won its first ever Olympic gold medal with Flora Duffy of Bermuda winning the women’s triathlon on Tuesday.

Duffy took the lead in the running portion of the triathlon, which included a 1.5-kilometer swim, a 40-kilometer bike ride, followed by a 10-kilometer run, according to the Tokyo 2020 website.

The four-lap run of the final race saw Duffy win with a time of 1: 55.36, one minute and 14 seconds ahead of Britain’s Georgia Taylor-Brown, the 2020 world champion who won the medal of money.

The BER is one of the country and territory codes designated for the 206 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) recognized by the IOC.

Among the other recognized NOCs is the ROC, which stands for Russian Olympic Committee. Russia has been banned from major sporting events since 2019 due to a doping scandal. The country is under a two-year suspension for major and repeated doping offenses.

The ROC allows Russian athletes to participate in Tokyo 2020 even if they are unable to represent Russia.

Russian athletes who can prove they were unrelated to the doping scandal and remained sober have been allowed to compete in this year’s Olympics under a ROC flag.

The IOC is the only authority which can recognize an NOC. The IOC website says: “Along with the International Sports Federations, the NOCs are a building block of the Olympic Movement under the leadership of the IOC.

“The mission of the NOCs is to develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in their respective countries, in accordance with the Olympic Charter”, explains the website.

The Olympic Refugee Team delegation seen at the Tokyo 2020 opening ceremony on July 23.
Franck Fife / AFP via Getty Images

Tokyo 2020 IOC Country and Territory Codes

Below are the IOC codes for the 206 NOCs recognized by the IOC, as listed on the Tokyo Olympic Games website.

  1. Afghanistan – AFG
  2. Albania – ALB
  3. Algeria – ALG
  4. American Samoa – ASA
  5. Andorra – AND
  6. Angola – ENG
  7. Antigua and Barbuda – ANT
  8. Argentina – ARG
  9. Armenia – ARM
  10. Aruba – ARU
  11. Australia – Australia
  12. Austria – AUT
  13. Azerbaijan – AZE
  14. Bahamas – BAH
  15. Bahrain – BRN
  16. Bangladesh – BAN
  17. Barbados – BAR
  18. Belarus – BLR
  19. Belgium – BEL
  20. Belize – BIZ
  21. Benin – BEN
  22. Bermuda * – BER
  23. Bhutan – BHU
  24. Bolivia – BOL
  25. Bosnia and Herzegovina – BIH
  26. Botswana – BOT
  27. Brazil – BRA
  28. British Virgin Islands – IVB
  29. Brunei – BRU
  30. Bulgaria – BUL
  31. Burkina Faso – BUR
  32. Burundi – BDI
  33. Cambodia – CAM
  34. Cameroon – CMR
  35. Canada – CAN
  36. Cape Verde – CPV
  37. Cayman Islands – CAY
  38. Central African Republic – CAF
  39. Chad – CHA
  40. Chile – CHI
  41. China (People’s Republic of China) – CHN
  42. Chinese Taipei – TPE
  43. Colombia – COL
  44. Comoros – COM
  45. Congo (Republic of the Congo) – CGO
  46. Congo (Democratic Republic of Congo) – COD
  47. Cook Islands – COK
  48. Costa Rica – CRC
  49. Ivory Coast – CIV
  50. Croatia – CRO
  51. Cuba – CUB
  52. Cyprus – CYP
  53. Czech Republic – CZE
  54. Denmark – DEN
  55. Djibouti – DJI
  56. Dominican Republic – DOM
  57. Dominica (Dominica) – DMA
  58. Ecuador – ECU
  59. Egypt – EGY
  60. El Salvador – ESA
  61. Equatorial Guinea – GEQ
  62. Eritrea – ERI
  63. Estonia – EAST
  64. Eswatini (Swaziland) – SWZ
  65. Ethiopia – ETH
  66. Fiji – FID
  67. Finland – END
  68. France – FRA
  69. Gabon – GAB
  70. Gambia – GAM
  71. Georgia – GEO
  72. Germany – ALL
  73. Ghana – GHA
  74. Great Britain – GBR
  75. Greece – GRE
  76. Granada – GRN
  77. Guam – GUM
  78. Guatemala – GUA
  79. Guinea – GUI
  80. Guinea-Bissau – GBS
  81. Guyana – GUY
  82. Haiti – HAI
  83. Honduras – HON
  84. Hong Kong – HKG
  85. Hungary – HUN
  86. Iceland – ISL
  87. India – IND
  88. Indonesia – INA
  89. Iran – IRI
  90. Iraq – IRQ
  91. Ireland – IRL
  92. Israel – ISR
  93. Italy – ITA
  94. Jamaica – JAM
  95. Japan – JPN
  96. Jordan – JOR
  97. Kazakhstan – KAZ
  98. Kenya – KEN
  99. Kiribati – KIR
  100. Kosovo – KOS
  101. Kuwait – KUW
  102. Kyrgyzstan – KGZ
  103. Laos – LAO
  104. Latvia – LAT
  105. Lebanon – LIB
  106. Lesotho – ERP
  107. Liberia – LBR
  108. Libya – LBA
  109. Liechtenstein – LIE
  110. Lithuania – LTU
  111. Luxembourg – LUX
  112. Macedonia – MKD
  113. Madagascar – MAD
  114. Malawi – MAW
  115. Malaysia – MAS
  116. Maldives – MDV
  117. Mali – MLI
  118. Malta – MLT
  119. Marshall Islands – MHL
  120. Mauritania – MTN
  121. Mauritius – MRI
  122. Mexico – MEX
  123. Federated States of Micronesia – WSF
  124. Moldova – MDA
  125. Monaco – MON
  126. Mongolia – MGL
  127. Morocco – TUE
  128. Mozambique – MOZ
  129. Myanmar (Burma) – MYA
  130. Namibia – NAM
  131. Nauru – NRU
  132. Nepal – NEP
  133. Netherlands – NED
  134. New Zealand – NZL
  135. Nicaragua – ANC
  136. Niger – NIG
  137. Nigeria – NGR
  138. North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) – PRK
  139. North Macedonia – MKD
  140. Norway – NOR
  141. Oman – OMA
  142. Pakistan – PAK
  143. Palau – PLW
  144. Palestine – PLE
  145. Panama – PAN
  146. Papua New Guinea – PNG
  147. Paraguay – BY
  148. Peru – PER
  149. Philippines – PHI
  150. Poland – POL
  151. Portugal – POR
  152. Puerto Rico – PUR
  153. Qatar – QAT
  154. Romania – ROM
  155. Russian Olympic Committee – ROC
  156. Rwanda – RWA
  157. Saint Kitts and Nevis – SKN
  158. Saint Lucia – LCA
  159. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – WINE
  160. Samoa – SAM
  161. San Marino – SMR
  162. Sao Tome and Principe – STP
  163. Saudi Arabia – Saudi Arabia
  164. Senegal – SEN
  165. Serbia and Montenegro – SCG
  166. Seychelles – SEY
  167. Sierra Leone – ELS
  168. Singapore (SIN
  169. Slovakia – SVK
  170. Slovenia – SLO
  171. Solomon Islands – SOL
  172. Somalia – SOM
  173. South Africa – RSA
  174. South Korea (Republic of Korea) – KOR
  175. South Sudan – SSD
  176. Spain – ESP
  177. Sri Lanka – ISR
  178. Sudan – SOUTH
  179. Suriname – SUR
  180. Sweden – SWE
  181. Switzerland – SUI
  182. Syria – SYR
  183. Tajikistan – TJK
  184. Tanzania – TAN
  185. Thailand – THA
  186. Timor-Leste (East Timor) – TLS
  187. Togo – TOG
  188. Tonga – TGA
  189. Trinidad and Tobago – TRI
  190. Tunisia – TUN
  191. Turkey – TUR
  192. Tuvalu – TUV
  193. Turkmenistan – TKM
  194. Uganda – UGA
  195. Ukraine – United Kingdom
  196. United Arab Emirates – UAE
  197. United States – United States
  198. US Virgin Islands – ISV
  199. Uruguay – URU
  200. Uzbekistan – UZB
  201. Vanuatu – VAN
  202. Venezuela – FRI
  203. Vietnam – LIFE
  204. Yemen – YEM
  205. Zambia – ZAM
  206. Zimbabwe – ZIM
The Olympic rings at the Tokyo Olympic Stadium.
The Olympic rings seen outside the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Stadium on July 23 in Tokyo, Japan.
Matthias Hangst / Getty Images