United nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 07:47:28 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://list-nation.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-120x120.png United nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ 32 32 Taliban, Myanmar military junta fail UN seats https://list-nation.com/taliban-myanmar-military-junta-fail-un-seats/ Thu, 02 Dec 2021 05:46:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/taliban-myanmar-military-junta-fail-un-seats/ The United Nations Accreditation Committee has not approved the Taliban siege with Myanmar’s military junta within the world organization, local media reported Thursday. The UN committee met on Wednesday and delayed the decision on who will represent the Taliban-led Afghan government and the military junta in Myanmar, Khaama Press reported today. The two sieges have […]]]>

The United Nations Accreditation Committee has not approved the Taliban siege with Myanmar’s military junta within the world organization, local media reported Thursday.

The UN committee met on Wednesday and delayed the decision on who will represent the Taliban-led Afghan government and the military junta in Myanmar, Khaama Press reported today.

The two sieges have been delayed for so long, according to the Afgan news outlet.

The decision means that representatives of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and the military junta will not be allowed to sit on the 193-member world body at this time.

It comes hours after UN candidate for the Taliban Sohail Shaheen in a series of tweets said the Afghan people have fought for their independence and have the right to have representatives at the UN. .

“To have an independent Afghanistan is the legitimate right of the Afghan people. For this they have struggled for decades. Why should they be the target of sanctions, pressure and deprived of a seat at the UN because they wanted an Afghanistan free of occupation and capable of having positive relations with any country in the world on the basis of ‘mutual interests,’ he tweeted.

Since the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban, the country has become an attractive destination for many terrorists. Recognizing the Taliban as a legitimate government and giving them a seat and a platform at the UN will certainly be another morale booster for terrorist organizations in Central and South Asia and the rest of the world to follow the Taliban’s path. towards power.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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UN calls for immediate end to fighting in Ethiopia https://list-nation.com/un-calls-for-immediate-end-to-fighting-in-ethiopia/ Wed, 24 Nov 2021 23:32:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-calls-for-immediate-end-to-fighting-in-ethiopia/ UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres addresses the media at the end of his visit to mark five years since the signing of a peace accord between FARC rebels and the Colombian government in Bogota, Colombia on 24 November 2021. REUTERS / Luisa Gonzalez Register now for FREE and unlimited access to reuters.com Register now BOGOTA, […]]]>

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres addresses the media at the end of his visit to mark five years since the signing of a peace accord between FARC rebels and the Colombian government in Bogota, Colombia on 24 November 2021. REUTERS / Luisa Gonzalez

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BOGOTA, Nov. 24 (Reuters) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called for an end to the fighting in Ethiopia on Wednesday in the Colombian capital Bogota, urging Ethiopian leaders to follow the Andean country’s example for peace.

Guterres, who was visiting Colombia to mark the fifth anniversary of the peace agreement between the government and the demobilized guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), called for an immediate end to hostilities.

“The peace process in Colombia today inspires me to make an urgent appeal to the protagonists of the conflict in Ethiopia for an unconditional and immediate ceasefire,” Guterres said during a joint speech with Colombian President Ivan Duque.

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War in Ethiopia broke out in November 2020 in the Tigray region between Ethiopian federal troops and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray. In July, the conflict spread to two neighboring regions in northern Ethiopia. Read more

Ending the fighting in Ethiopia would allow a dialogue to take place among the Ethiopians, Guterres said, allowing the country to once again contribute to the stability of the region.

“I would very much like Colombia to be the example followed by the Ethiopian leadership,” Guterres added.

Guterres also urged Colombian lawmakers to ratify the Escazu Accord, an agreement between countries in Latin America and the Caribbean that enshrines the protection of those working for environmental causes.

Colombia is the most dangerous country in the world for conservationists, with a record 65 deaths in 2020, according to the advocacy group Global Witness.

The Colombian government has blamed the criminal gangs and left-wing rebels involved in drug trafficking for the increased killings of activists.

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Reporting by Oliver Griffin Editing by Chris Reese and Sam Holmes

Our standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


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“No progress” before Iran nuclear talks, UN agency says https://list-nation.com/no-progress-before-iran-nuclear-talks-un-agency-says/ Wed, 24 Nov 2021 23:20:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/no-progress-before-iran-nuclear-talks-un-agency-says/ Published on: 11/25/2021 – 00:20 The UN nuclear watchdog said on Wednesday there had been “no progress” in talks with Tehran over disputes over monitoring Iran’s atomic program, just days before the resumption talks on relaunching the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. Rafael Grossi, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), told a quarterly […]]]>

Published on:

The UN nuclear watchdog said on Wednesday there had been “no progress” in talks with Tehran over disputes over monitoring Iran’s atomic program, just days before the resumption talks on relaunching the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.

Rafael Grossi, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), told a quarterly meeting of the agency’s board that the talks he held in Tehran on Tuesday were not “inconclusive” although they are “constructive”.

Grossi had sought to tackle constraints on IAEA inspections earlier this year, outstanding questions regarding the presence of undeclared nuclear material at sites in Iran and the treatment of IAEA personnel in the country. .

“Basically (…) we have not been able to progress,” Grossi told reporters, saying the lack of agreement had occurred “despite my best efforts”.

Behrouz Kamalvandi, spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, told Iranian television that his team “tried until the last moment” but there is still work to be done.

Among other officials in Tehran, Grossi met with Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian.

Amir-Abdollahian gave a positive gloss to the talks, telling the official Irna news agency on Wednesday that a “joint statement” had been reached which would be released “as soon as possible”.

‘Dragging your feet’

Grossi’s visit preceded the scheduled resumption of negotiations between Tehran and world powers on Monday to revive the 2015 deal that granted Iran sanctions relief in exchange for restrictions on its nuclear program.

The United States said it was “disappointed” by the result of Grossi’s visit and said it was ready to negotiate in Vienna.

“But of course Iran’s failure to cooperate is a bad sign of its seriousness in successfully concluding our negotiations,” a State Department spokesman said.

The other members of the agreement – France, Germany, the United Kingdom, China, Russia and Iran – will participate indirectly in the United States.

The deal has gradually disintegrated since former US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the deal in 2018.

The following year, Iran retaliated by starting to walk away from its commitments under the deal, also known as the JCPOA.

US negotiator for the JCPOA talks, Rob Malley, has warned that Washington will “stand idly by” if Iran delays progress in the talks.

“If (Iran) continues to do what it appears to be doing now, which is dragging its feet at the nuclear diplomatic table and picking up its pace on its nuclear program … we will have to react accordingly. “Malley told US broadcaster NPR.

At the IAEA Board of Governors meeting, the EU issued a joint statement saying it was “deeply concerned about the inconclusive outcome of the talks” with Grossi.

The Russian representative said he supported “Grossi’s intention to continue working with the Iranian side and called on Tehran to do the same.”

“Excessively invasive”

One of the stages of the deal came earlier this year when Iran began restricting some IAEA inspection activities.

Iran and the agency currently have a temporary agreement that gives the IAEA access to monitoring equipment at Iranian nuclear facilities.

However, the agency warned that the deal is not a lasting solution and Grossi said it was “close to (…) the point where I would not be able to ensure continuity of knowledge” of the Iran’s nuclear program if it continued.

Grossi also said he had expressed his concerns to Tehran about the security checks of IAEA inspectors, which the agency described as “excessively invasive.”

He noted that the IAEA and Iran had a legal agreement “which aims to protect inspectors from intimidation, from the seizure of their property.”

“Our Iranian colleagues have put in place a number of measures which are simply incompatible” with this, he said.

(AFP)


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Zimbabwe prioritizes value chain policies across sectors to boost industrialization https://list-nation.com/zimbabwe-prioritizes-value-chain-policies-across-sectors-to-boost-industrialization/ Sun, 21 Nov 2021 18:44:02 +0000 https://list-nation.com/zimbabwe-prioritizes-value-chain-policies-across-sectors-to-boost-industrialization/ Mutare, Zimbabwe, November 21, 2021 (ECA) – The ECA Sub-Regional Office for Southern Africa supported a two-day workshop to work with Zimbabwean experts to develop an action plan on the alignment and harmonization of regional and national frameworks on industrialization in Zimbabwe. The action plan is being developed as part of support to the United […]]]>

Mutare, Zimbabwe, November 21, 2021 (ECA) – The ECA Sub-Regional Office for Southern Africa supported a two-day workshop to work with Zimbabwean experts to develop an action plan on the alignment and harmonization of regional and national frameworks on industrialization in Zimbabwe.

The action plan is being developed as part of support to the United Nations 12e Tranche project which aims to accelerate industrial development and economic integration in Southern Africa by strengthening the capacity of regional member states to develop and implement harmonized policies, frameworks and industrialization strategies based on natural resources . To anchor the development of action plans and support to member states, SRO-SA commissioned an analytical study on the alignment and harmonization of regional and national frameworks on industrialization and national domestication of strategies and policies. regions to support industrial development in southern Africa, with a focus on Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Mr. Dayford. Nhema, Director of the Industry Department at the Ministry of Industry and Trade, representing the Permanent Secretary, officially opened the meeting. He stressed the need to revive the manufacturing sector in Zimbabwe. Mr. Nhema stressed that manufacturing is the leading sector of the economy in terms of contribution to GDP, formal employment and foreign exchange earnings through exports and lamented its decline in recent years. He observed that Zimbabwe’s development agenda is guided by the National Development Strategy (2021-2025) whose key priorities include “development and strengthening of value chains and structural transformation”. This is complemented by the country’s national industrial development policy.

The ECA Sub-Regional Office for Southern Africa was represented by the Head and Head of the Section for Sub-Regional Initiatives, Ms. Isatou Gaye who informed the meeting that the existence of the African Development Community Southern Africa (SADC) and Eastern Common Market and Southern Africa Industrialization Strategies (COMESA) to anchor industrial growth and diversification in the sub-region are important in supporting regional development. She added that “the two RECs have prioritized industrialization as a precursor of improved, diversified and transformed economies”.

Mr. Oliver Maponga, Head of Economic Affairs of ECA, presented the general objectives of the workshop which were to finalize and prioritize the recommendations of the study and to develop an implementation plan with specific deliverables and named champions. The experts specifically looked at the study’s recommendations; assessed the proposed implementation framework for the harmonization and domestication of regional strategies and policies to anchor industrial development; and proposed an implementation plan to address the gaps identified in the study.

The group work, facilitated by Professor Albert Makochekanwa, deliberated on five thematic areas by proposing a draft implementation plan. The major challenges underlying the development of the Plan are:

  • Partial implementation of revised Industrialization Oriented Policies and Strategies (IOPS) and other supporting policy and legal frameworks;

  • Limited information on value chains and the need to cooperate with key stakeholders and the need to raise awareness and address infrastructural, institutional and financial constraints to add value and develop value chains, have resulted in weak cooperation between all major stakeholders.

  • Weak collaborative working partnerships between government and relevant non-state actors working on industrialization;

  • Strengthened research, development and innovation, education and training, skills development, standards; and

  • Mobilize financing to face industrialization constraints, mainly at the level of formulation and implementation of IOPS; industrial development and production; and infrastructure development.

Specific actions have been developed in each of these thematic areas. The priority implementation plan will be finalized by the Ministry of Industry and Trade and submitted to ECA for support under UNDA 12e Unit project.

The workshop was attended by a variety of national stakeholders, including representatives of ministries and parastatals, the private sector, universities and civil society organizations.

Joint press release:
Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Sub-Regional Office for Southern Africa
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

Media contacts:
Ms. Lavender Degree,
Communications Officer,
Tel: +260 211 228502/5 Ext. 21307
Mobile: +260 966797779
Email: lavande.degre@un.org

Ms. Yvonne Gundu,
Deputy Director – Communication and Advocacy, Ministry of Industry and Trade,
Phone: +263 242 734720
Mobile: +263 772 283317
Email: ygundu@yahoo.co.uk

Disclaimer

UNECA – United Nations Economic Commission for Africa published this content on November 21, 2021 and is solely responsible for the information it contains. Distributed by Public, unedited and unmodified, on November 21, 2021 06:43:00 PM UTC.


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Tennis 2021: last Peng Shuai, White House, American statement, United Nations, UN, Novak Djokovic https://list-nation.com/tennis-2021-last-peng-shuai-white-house-american-statement-united-nations-un-novak-djokovic/ Fri, 19 Nov 2021 23:37:37 +0000 https://list-nation.com/tennis-2021-last-peng-shuai-white-house-american-statement-united-nations-un-novak-djokovic/ The mystery of tennis player Peng Shuai has caught the world’s attention with the United States and the UN joining the chase. The United States and the UN on Friday demanded proof of Peng Shuai’s whereabouts and well-being, as the tennis star grows in concern, missing since she alleged that ‘she had been sexually exploited […]]]>

The mystery of tennis player Peng Shuai has caught the world’s attention with the United States and the UN joining the chase.

The United States and the UN on Friday demanded proof of Peng Shuai’s whereabouts and well-being, as the tennis star grows in concern, missing since she alleged that ‘she had been sexually exploited by a former Chinese vice premier.

White House press secretary Jen Psaki said President Joe Biden’s administration wanted China to “provide independent and verifiable evidence” of Peng’s whereabouts and expressed “deep concern. About the world’s highest ranked former doubles player.

Watch Tennis Live with beIN SPORTS on Kayo. Live coverage of ATP + WTA tournaments, including every final match. New to Kayo? Start your free trial>

The United Nations insisted that a fully transparent investigation be conducted into Peng’s allegations against senior Communist Party official Zhang Gaoli.

Tennis stars, sports organizations, governments and human rights activists also spoke out on behalf of Peng, 35, and demanded information.

The president of the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) said he was ready to sever lucrative business ties with China if Peng was still not found and her sexual assault allegations were not investigated.

Novak Djokovic has said he supports the WTA threat.

“I hope she is found and that she is in good health and that all is well, at least the worst is avoided. I absolutely support the statement of the WTA as an organization and also of its president, ”said Djokovic, 20-time Grand Slam champion.

“The whole tennis community needs to support her and her family and make sure she is safe and sound. Because if you have tournaments on Chinese soil without resolving this situation, that would be a little strange, so I understand why the WTA has taken such a position.

Serena Williams and Naomi Osaka have also expressed concerns for one of the greatest Chinese players of all time.

“It would be important to have proof of your fate and well-being,” Liz Throssell, spokesperson for the UN Human Rights Office in Geneva, told reporters.

“According to available information, Peng, a former double world number one, has not been heard publicly since she alleged on social media that she was sexually assaulted.

“We are calling for a transparent investigation into his allegation of sexual assault.”

Peng alleged on Chinese social media site Weibo earlier this month that Zhang, now in her 60s, “forced” her to have sex during a long-term relationship.

The claims were quickly erased from the Twitter-like platform and it has not been seen since.

The WTA, the world’s highest body in women’s tennis, has asked for proof that Peng is safe.

His boss, Steve Simon, said he was prepared to lose hundreds of millions of dollars in Chinese business in one of the WTA’s biggest markets to keep Peng safe.

“We are definitely ready to pull our business and face all the complications that come with it,” Simon told CNN.

“Women must be respected and not censored. “

Tennis legend Serena Williams has also called for an investigation.

“I am devastated and shocked to hear the news from my peer, Peng Shuai,” the former world number one singles wrote on Twitter.

“This needs to be investigated and we must not remain silent.”

Peng represented China at the Olympic Games in Beijing, London and Rio de Janeiro and won gold for China at the 2010 Asian Games.

She is a former Wimbledon and Roland Garros doubles champion.

France said the international community and sports bodies were concerned about Peng’s situation.

“We are concerned about the lack of information,” the French foreign ministry said.

“We call on the Chinese authorities to implement their commitments in the fight against violence against women. ”

The Lawn Tennis Association, the governing body of the sport in Britain, has offered to assist the WTA in their efforts to establish Peng’s safety.

Peng’s claims brought the #MeToo movement to the highest echelons of the ruling Communist Party in China for the first time.

“The Chinese government has systematically silenced the country’s #MeToo movement,” said Doriane Lau, China researcher at Amnesty International.

“Given that he also has a zero tolerance approach to criticism, it is deeply concerning that Peng Shuai appears to be lacking,” she said.

China has repeatedly declined to comment on its fate or the case. But Hu Xijin, the outspoken editor of the Communist Party-owned Global Times, tweeted on Friday that he did not believe that “Peng Shuai suffered retaliation and repression speculated by foreign media for what people have been talking about. “.

Earlier this week, state-owned CGTN posted on Twitter a screenshot of what it said was an email Peng wrote to Simon and other WTA officials.

In the email, Peng claims her previous accusations are “not true” and says that she “is resting at home and everything is fine.”

But doubts were quickly raised about the clunky language used in the alleged email and the cursor visible in the screenshot.

Read related topics:China


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United Nations recognizes children’s right to clean air after global youth-led campaign https://list-nation.com/united-nations-recognizes-childrens-right-to-clean-air-after-global-youth-led-campaign/ Wed, 17 Nov 2021 17:26:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/united-nations-recognizes-childrens-right-to-clean-air-after-global-youth-led-campaign/ The UN has announced that it recognizes children’s right to clean air following a campaign by young people around the world. More than 29,000 children have called on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) committee to recognize this right. Currently, nine in ten children worldwide breathe in toxins that exceed […]]]>

The UN has announced that it recognizes children’s right to clean air following a campaign by young people around the world.

More than 29,000 children have called on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) committee to recognize this right.

Currently, nine in ten children worldwide breathe in toxins that exceed safe levels that can interfere with critical stages of organ development.

Children are physiologically more vulnerable to air pollution than adults because of their smaller relative size and relatively faster breathing rate.

The World Health Organization estimates that in 2016, 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by air pollution, while Unicef ​​predicted that air pollution air would become the leading cause of infant mortality by 2050.

In the UK, the problem became particularly acute after a coroner found in 2020 that air pollution “significantly contributed” to the death of nine-year-old Ella Adoo-Kissi-Debrah in 2013. It was the first time that air pollution had been formally recognized as a cause of death in this country.

The campaign for the UN to recognize this right was organized by a coalition of groups, including the British charity Global Action Plan, which has secured the support of 29,674 children around the world, including in the United Kingdom, the States United, China and India. It has also been supported by organizations such as the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London.

On Wednesday, the vice-chairman of the UNCRC commission, Philip D Jaffé, said the world needed an “air quality revolution”.

Commenting on the campaign, Prof Jaffé said: “I will do my part and I will do my best with my colleagues to support you in what you are doing. ”

Clean Air will now be included in an upcoming “general comment” from the committee – the process by which the UN describes what is expected of countries in order to honor the convention.

Sonja Graham, Managing Director of Global Action Plan, said: “Change is more likely to happen now that we have the support of the UNCRC committee, so this recognition is a brilliant step in the right direction.

“Thanks to the Freedom to Breathe campaign, children have learned that clean air is a basic necessity of life – just like clean water and healthy food – we are delighted that the United Nations is recognizing this as well.”


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United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres Says Global Warming Target is “Life Support” https://list-nation.com/united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres-says-global-warming-target-is-life-support/ Thu, 11 Nov 2021 18:47:07 +0000 https://list-nation.com/united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres-says-global-warming-target-is-life-support/ GLASGOW, Scotland (AP) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Thursday warned that a key temperature target in climate talks was “on sustaining life,” but he still hopes governments of the world will step up their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In an exclusive interview with The Associated Press, Guterres said negotiations which were […]]]>

GLASGOW, Scotland (AP) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Thursday warned that a key temperature target in climate talks was “on sustaining life,” but he still hopes governments of the world will step up their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

In an exclusive interview with The Associated Press, Guterres said negotiations which were due to end Friday in Glasgow, Scotland, will “very likely” not deliver the carbon reduction promises he has declared necessary to prevent the planet to heat up beyond 1.5 degrees. threshold.

Still, the UN chief would not say when he thinks this goal should be abandoned.

“When you’re on the brink,” it’s not important to think too far into the future, he said. “What’s important to discuss is what will be your first step. Because if your first step is not the right one, you will not have the chance … to take a second or a third.

So far, talks have failed to achieve any of the three priorities announced by the UN for the annual conference, called COP26. One is to cut carbon emissions by about half by 2030 to meet the target Guterres alluded to.

The other two urge rich countries to fulfill their 12-year pledge to provide $ 100 billion a year in financial climate aid poor nations and ensuring that half of that goes to help them adapt to the worst effects of climate change.

Guterres said the Glasgow talks “come at a crucial time” and must accomplish more than strike a weak deal that participating countries agree to support.

“The worst thing would be to reach an agreement at all costs on a minimum common denominator that does not respond to the enormous challenges we face,” said Guterres.

This is because the overarching goal of limiting warming since pre-industrial times to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 F) by the end of the century “is still within reach, but under life support.” , Guterres said. The world has already warmed by 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit).

With 36 hours to go before negotiations are scheduled to close, Guterres said if negotiators can’t meet ambitious carbon reduction targets – “and most likely it won’t” – then national leaders will have to propose. new commitments next year. and in 2023 at high-level meetings.

Guterres later told climate negotiators that “the promises ring hollow when the fossil fuel industry still receives billions in subsidies … or when countries are still building coal plants.”

In a separate interview Thursday evening, former Irish President Mary Robinson accused Saudi Arabia and Russia of trying to suppress or water down language in a draft deal that would call for a phasing out of coal and the end of fossil fuel subsidies.

She also lambasted British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the host of the climate talks, for not taking them seriously enough, not being in “crisis mode” and sticking around – unlike her French counterpart in 2015.

Guterres said he agreed with young climate activists – who have demonstrated in large numbers outside of climate talks, and sometimes inside – who have called on the UN to label the warming high-level climate “climate emergency”.

“For me, it is clear that this is a climate emergency,” Guterres said.

As terrible and tragic as the COVID-19 pandemic is, it is possible that climate change is more of an emergency, Guterres said.

“The pandemic is reversible. We have the tools and the instruments to stop it, ”he said. “Climate change is a global threat to the planet and to humanity. And at the moment, we don’t yet have all the tools and instruments we need to defeat it. “

And a lot of it comes down to the money.

The lack of movement on financial aid to the poorest countries worries Guterres, who later told negotiators that the gap was a “flagrant injustice.” He said if he was the leader of a small vulnerable island or another country in danger, he would be upset by what is not happening in Glasgow.

Peter Liese, a senior member of the European Parliament, said on Thursday that he and his fellow lawmakers would push for the $ 100 billion to be paid “definitively next year”.

And this rich-poor divide continued to emerge on Thursday.

The talks are now at the point where two paths were possible: one which was good for people and the planet, and the other which led to “carbon colonialism,” Bolivia’s chief negotiator said, Diego Pacheco Balanz. “We must fight the developed countries against carbon colonialism. “

Balanz was speaking on behalf of the developing country negotiating bloc that includes countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia – with China and India among the latter.

Guterres greeted Wednesday evening an agreement between the United States and China to cut emissions this decade as one reason he still hopes for some semblance of success in Glasgow.

“This deal paves the way for other deals,” Guterres said in a 25-minute interview with AP.

The UN chief said he hopes two thorny issues that have defied resolution for six years can be solved in Glasgow: creating viable markets for trading carbon credits and transparency that shows that The actions promised to reduce pollution are real.

New draft documents on regulating international cooperation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including the section on carbon markets, were published overnight, as were new proposals containing various options for evaluate and monitor financial assistance to developing countries.

The chairman of this year’s United Nations climate meeting called on negotiators from nearly 200 countries to engage in “another gear shift” as they try to reach agreement on outstanding issues one day before the end of the talks.

British official Alok Sharma said there was “no illusion” that the proposed texts would fully satisfy all countries at this stage, adding “we are not there yet”.


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Nepal at the United Nations: Need for Diplomatic Expertise – The Himalayan Times – Nepal’s No. 1 English Daily Newspaper https://list-nation.com/nepal-at-the-united-nations-need-for-diplomatic-expertise-the-himalayan-times-nepals-no-1-english-daily-newspaper/ Tue, 09 Nov 2021 05:59:38 +0000 https://list-nation.com/nepal-at-the-united-nations-need-for-diplomatic-expertise-the-himalayan-times-nepals-no-1-english-daily-newspaper/ The advent of the United Nations in 1945 was primarily attributed to a widely felt need for a global body, unlike the League of Nations (League of Nations), capable of establishing world peace and security for avoid a possible third world war. The failure of the LoN formed by the great powers after the end […]]]>

The advent of the United Nations in 1945 was primarily attributed to a widely felt need for a global body, unlike the League of Nations (League of Nations), capable of establishing world peace and security for avoid a possible third world war. The failure of the LoN formed by the great powers after the end of the First World War (1914-18) by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the lack of sense of belonging of many countries were at the origin of the creation of the United Nations.

The LoN looked only at the rich countries, whose very preamble opens on “We, the high power nations…”, while the Charter of the United Nations in the preamble says “We, the peoples of the United Nations … ”, Signaling a shift from the nations of great power to the peoples of the United Nations, great or small, rich or poor. The 51 founding members who endorsed the United Nations Charter on June 26, 1945 in San Francisco to establish this body and officially give birth to it on October 24 of the same year could hardly have imagined the UN today in terms of continuation of its existence and the global efforts of the United Nations in the field of peace and security, socio-economic development and humanitarian activities for the well-being of the peoples of the member countries, which has now reached 193.

As the UN marks the 76th year of its creation, Nepal, for its part, celebrates the 66th year of its membership in the UN, following its admission on December 14, 1955 as the 75th member of the UN. Nepal’s earlier solicitation on July 22, 1949 through a 27 page letter signed by Major General Bijaya Shumsher Rana, then Director General of Foreign Affairs (equivalent to the current Minister of Foreign Affairs) for membership at the UN was unsuccessful following the veto of the USSR on September 7 of the same year. This news was covered by a newspaper no less well known than the famous The New York Times which said “The Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal has been kept away from the United Nations today by the thirty-first veto registered by the Union. Soviet ”.

Naturally, Nepal had a Rana regime at that time when Russia was already a communist country since the revolution of 1917 which overthrew the Tsar.

The Soviet Union might have interpreted Nepal’s Rana regime as a counterpart to their former rulers, the Tsar. This is clearly demonstrated because the Soviet Union did not oppose Nepal’s entry into the UN in 1955.

At the time of its candidacy for the UN in 1949, Nepal had diplomatic relations only with India, France and the United States, which may also have contributed to Nepal’s non-acceptance of the UN although Nepal was one of the 17 oldest independent countries in the world in which no foreign flag has been hoisted in documented world history.

The fact that Nepal first applied for membership in the UN during Rana’s reign in 1949, but was not admitted until five years after the end of the same reign was due to the lack of concrete follow-up in the UN corridor through Nepal in the meantime due to the power struggle between political leaders. Although blamed as a thief of democracy, it was during King Mahendra’s direct reign that Nepal became a member of the United Nations in 1955.

Nepal’s entry into the UN in the mid-1950s was followed by UN commitments in Nepal’s development since the early 1960s with technical and financial assistance covering almost all segments of socio-development. economic. Its assistance has focused on infrastructure development, health, education, population and family planning / reproductive health, maternal and child health, gender issues, poverty reduction and the environment. through a number of projects and programs across the country.

Currently, 21 UN specialized agencies and other UN bodies such as UNDP, WHO, UNICIEF, UNFPA, ICAO and many other offices are actively contributing, under the overall residential coordination / representation of the office of country of the UNDP, to the development of Nepal. There is a good chance that more aid will be provided if the government shows diplomacy and tact in advocating for more UN aid for the sustainable development of Nepal, mainly through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance.

Nepal’s presence in the United Nations as a member for the past six and a half decades has been marked by remarkable examples. Nepal’s representation in the UN mission, led by Nepal’s first envoy, Rishikesh Shah, has earned a great reputation through his diplomatic maneuvers in the UN corridor, as a result of which he was chosen to head the International Commission, set up by the UN, charged with investigating the death of UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold in a mysterious plane crash in Rhodesia, now in Zambia, while he was on a UN peacekeeping mission.

The fact that a permanent representative of Nepal to the UN was chosen to head such a prestigious but sensitive UN mission was not a simple recognition of Nepal when the country at the time was not as well exhibited internationally as it is today.

Nepal’s significant presence in the UN was reflected when it was elected to a two-year non-permanent member seat on the UN Security Council in 1969 during the tenure of Major General Padam Bahadur Khatry in as a permanent representative to the UN. After nearly two decades, Nepal regained the same prestigious seat of the UNSC in 1989 under the diplomatic leadership of Jaya Pratap Rana, but Nepal lost in the fray for a non-permanent presidential seat of the UNSC and of the General Assembly in the recent past.

Currently, Nepal is ranked as the fourth largest force contributor to the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission, with its security personnel engaged in various conflict-affected UN member countries. But no Nepalese has become the head of a specialized UN agency, not even a second man, since the retirement of Kul Chandra Gautam from UNICIEF. It takes a sense of diplomacy.


A version of this article appears in the November 09, 2021 print of The Himalayan Times.


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UN Security Council calls for end to fighting in Ethiopia | United Nations News https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-calls-for-end-to-fighting-in-ethiopia-united-nations-news/ Fri, 05 Nov 2021 21:37:02 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-calls-for-end-to-fighting-in-ethiopia-united-nations-news/ The United Nations Security Council has for the first time called for an end to hostilities in Ethiopia, urging the warring parties to negotiate a “lasting ceasefire”. The year-long conflict between federal government troops and Tigrayan forces has left thousands dead and displaced more than 2.5 million people. The UN has said up to 7 […]]]>

The United Nations Security Council has for the first time called for an end to hostilities in Ethiopia, urging the warring parties to negotiate a “lasting ceasefire”.

The year-long conflict between federal government troops and Tigrayan forces has left thousands dead and displaced more than 2.5 million people. The UN has said up to 7 million people in Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions need assistance, including 5 million in Tigray, where some 400,000 people are estimated to live. in conditions close to starvation.

A Security Council meeting scheduled to take place on Friday has been postponed until early next week, shortly before it takes place.

Instead, in a joint press release, the 15 members of the most powerful UN body “expressed deep concern over the expansion and intensification of military clashes in the north of the country. ‘Ethiopia’.

The Security Council further called on all parties to refrain “from all inflammatory hate speech and incitement to violence and division” and urged them “to end hostilities and negotiate a ceasefire. sustainable fire ”. Council members also called for free access to humanitarian aid and the restoration of public services, among others.

Members had been negotiating a statement for several days and eventually reached a compromise with Russia on the text, diplomats said.

“There had been discussions, we understand, about a draft declaration which had been drafted mainly by Ireland and Kenya calling for a cessation of hostilities,” said Mika Hanna of Al Jazeera, reporting from UN headquarters.

“We understand that Russia, in particular, objected to some terms of this particular statement, but the President of the Security Council came out and read the statement,” only the second by the council last year. Hanna noted that Mexican Ambassador to the UN Juan Ramón de la Fuente Ramírez, chairman of the council for November, “was trying to underscore his point of view that the Security Council was not divided on this issue. “, he added.

With the meeting now due to take place on Monday, the involvement of neighboring Kenya was absolutely critical according to a number of diplomats who spoke with Al Jazeera.

“The reason is that the current opinion in the Security Council is that African problems require African solutions; there must be direct African involvement in resolving this crisis, hence the desire for the African Union to take the initiative with Ethiopia’s African neighbors, ”Hanna said.

Months of political tension between the government of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and leaders of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray (TPLF), which once dominated the Ethiopian government, exploded into war in November 2020.

After some of the fiercest fighting in the conflict, Ethiopian soldiers fled Tigray’s capital, Mekelle, in June.

In recent weeks, the conflict has spread beyond the borders of Tigray, into the neighboring regions of Amhara and Afar.

Tigrayan forces, which have entered into an alliance with the Oromo Liberation Army, said they had seized key towns on a major road leading to the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, and threatened to march towards it. The Ethiopian government accused the Tigrayan forces of exaggerating their territorial gains.

Much of northern Ethiopia is under a communications blackout and journalists’ access is restricted, making claims on the battlefield difficult to independently verify.

As the international community grows worried about the prospect of all-out war in Africa’s second most populous country, the federal armed forces on Friday called on retired soldiers and veterans to join the army, setting the registration deadline for November 24.

Last week, the government also declared a six-month state of emergency and local authorities asked civilians in the capital to register their weapons and prepare to defend their neighborhoods.

On Friday, the United States Embassy in Addis Ababa advised all American citizens to leave the country “as soon as possible”, calling the security situation “very fluid”.



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United Nations unlikely to lift sanctions on North Korea https://list-nation.com/united-nations-unlikely-to-lift-sanctions-on-north-korea/ Thu, 04 Nov 2021 19:31:50 +0000 https://list-nation.com/united-nations-unlikely-to-lift-sanctions-on-north-korea/ The United Nations imposed trade sanctions after North Korea’s first nuclear test in 2006. Despite this, North Korea continued to conduct regular robot tests. In recent weeks, the closed dictatorship has carried out at least five robot tests. At the same time, Russia and China want the United Nations to lift trade sanctions against North […]]]>

The United Nations imposed trade sanctions after North Korea’s first nuclear test in 2006. Despite this, North Korea continued to conduct regular robot tests.

In recent weeks, the closed dictatorship has carried out at least five robot tests.

At the same time, Russia and China want the United Nations to lift trade sanctions against North Korea. Seems from a single project The resolution Russia and China are preparing for the UN Security Council.

Russia and China are North Korea’s only true friends, says Benjamin Katzif Silberstein, associate researcher at the Foreign Policy Institute.

North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un visits an air show in the capital, Pyongyang. Photo distributed by the country’s State Information Service. Photo: KCNA October 11, 2021

“frustration”

Russia and China also want to start a dialogue between the United States and North Korea on nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula.

It is frustration that nothing has happened in relations between North Korea and the United States. Russia and China want the United States to be on the verge of easing sanctions and negotiating with North Korea, according to Katzif Silberstein.

Russia and China also want to lift the ban on North Koreans working abroad and sending their wages home.

They want to make sure that this workforce can keep coming.

How likely is the UN Security Council to make this decision?

– It’s as close as possible to zero. The United States has a veto in the Security Council and the American position is very clear: they want to see concrete documents from North Korea so that they can start dismantling their nuclear weapons program.

Dictator Kim Jong Un delivers a speech at a defense fair in the North Korean capital, Pyongyang. Photo distributed by the state-controlled news agency. Photo: KCNA October 11, 2021

Western diplomats sent home

Sweden recalled its diplomats from the embassy in Pyongyang in August last year. This came after the country imposed strict restrictions on COVID-19. The country has been described as “close more or less”.

When will the diplomats return?

The regime is very concerned about what a possible outbreak of covid-19 could mean. You don’t have the resources to deal with it. I wouldn’t be surprised if it didn’t take a year, or maybe more.

Since foreigners left Pyongyang, transparency has been minimal. However, some information on the humanitarian situation is leaking.

What we know from various sources in North Korea is that the situation is difficult, but not catastrophic.

famine?

North Korea has been starving since the 1990s. Rather, it is a question of the force of need. It’s pretty clear that the situation has worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic and in part because of the sanctions.

A procession through Kim Il Sung Square in Yongyang, North Korea. Photo distributed by the state-controlled Korean Central News Agency. Photo: Korean Central News Agency September 9, 2021


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