United nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ Tue, 24 May 2022 01:06:51 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://list-nation.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-120x120.png United nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ 32 32 Situation in the Sudan and activities of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in the Sudan – Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/400) [EN/AR] – Sudan https://list-nation.com/situation-in-the-sudan-and-activities-of-the-united-nations-integrated-transition-assistance-mission-in-the-sudan-report-of-the-secretary-general-s-2022-400-en-ar-sudan/ Tue, 24 May 2022 01:06:51 +0000 https://list-nation.com/situation-in-the-sudan-and-activities-of-the-united-nations-integrated-transition-assistance-mission-in-the-sudan-report-of-the-secretary-general-s-2022-400-en-ar-sudan/ Attachments Introduction 1. This report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2579 (2021), by which the Council decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in the Sudan (UNITAMS) until 3 June 2022 and requested me to report every 90 days on the implementation of the Mission’s mandate. The […]]]>

Attachments

Introduction

1. This report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2579 (2021), by which the Council decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in the Sudan (UNITAMS) until 3 June 2022 and requested me to report every 90 days on the implementation of the Mission’s mandate. The report covers political, security, human rights, rule of law and protection, socio-economic and humanitarian developments in Sudan from 22 February to 5 May 2022 and provides an update on implementation of the Mission’s mandate, with gender considerations integrated as a cross-cutting axis. cutting problem everywhere.

II. Significant developments

A. Political situation

2. The political situation in the Sudan remained deadlocked following the resignation of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, mentioned in my previous report (S/2022/172). In this context, national and international efforts to facilitate a political process to restore democratic transition have intensified. The United Nations, the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) have begun joint facilitation efforts with all stakeholders to find a way out of the crisis through a process controlled and led by the Sudan. Several Sudanese actors have also developed political initiatives to facilitate the return to constitutional order and civil governance.

3. Throughout the reporting period, neighborhood resistance committees continued to organize regular demonstrations across the country, although on a smaller scale than in the previous reporting period. Demonstrators continued, often blocking roads, to oppose military rule and denounce deteriorating economic conditions. Organizers continued to call for peaceful protests. While most protesters answered that call, a few clashed with security forces. The latter continued to use tear gas, water cannons, rubber bullets and, occasionally, live ammunition to disperse protesters. Sudanese authorities have often blocked major roads and bridges ahead of protests, especially in Khartoum.

4. In addition to organizing protests, resistance committees in Khartoum and other states continued their efforts to forge a common position on the way forward for the country. On February 27, the Khartoum State Resistance Committees held a press conference announcing their “Charter for the Establishment of People’s Authority”, calling for “continuation of peaceful resistance”, “overthrow [of] the military coup” and the “drafting [of] a transitional constitution that establishes transitional governance structures with the aim of achieving the goals of the revolution”.

5. On 28 February, UNITAMS published the summary report of the consultations it has conducted since 8 January, in which it identified areas of consensus and divergence among stakeholders on the way forward to restore the political transition. The African Union and IGAD Special Envoys for Sudan, Mohamed El Hacen Lebatt and Ismail Wais, respectively, visited Khartoum on several occasions during the reporting period to support international and regional efforts aimed at help Sudanese stakeholders restore the political transition. The visit of the IGAD Special Envoy took place after the publication in February of the IGAD report on a fact-finding mission to Sudan.

6. Following the conclusion of the consultations facilitated by UNITAMS, the African Union, IGAD and the United Nations agreed to work together and formed a trilateral cooperation mechanism in support of a process led by Sudan to end the political crisis and restore a civilian-led system. transitional government. The three organizations held joint meetings with Sudanese stakeholders from all political and social walks of life to reach agreement on immediate priority issues, focusing on transitional constitutional arrangements, selection of the prime minister and cabinet, elections, government programs and a roadmap on the way forward. before.

7. A number of national initiatives aimed at resolving the political crisis also emerged during the reporting period. On March 1, a group of university vice-chancellors announced an initiative to develop a unified charter on political transition by reaching out to a wide range of actors, including civil society, resistance committees and the Association of Sudanese Professionals. This initiative has been stalled since the appointment on March 29 of new heads of 30 public universities by the President of the Sovereign Council, Lieutenant General Abdel-Fattah Al-Burhan, following a decree dissolution of the boards of directors of public universities. . Political coalitions and parties have also actively sought to form alliances around common positions on constitutional arrangements for the transition period. Various prominent national figures have proposed draft initiatives to help find common ground on contentious issues, such as civil-military relations.

8. From March 24 to 26, the Sudanese Revolutionary Front (SRF) – excluding the Justice and Equality Movement – ​​met in El Damazin, Blue Nile State, and proposed the launching of a two-phase dialogue initiative: first, to reach an agreement between the signatories of the Constitutional Document on the formation of a government for the remainder of the transition period and, second, to settle key issues between the political forces, to namely the system of governance, the constitution and the conduct of elections. SRF affirmed its commitment to the full implementation of all tracks of the Juba Peace Agreement.

9. From 24 to 27 April, the authorities released 19 political detainees affiliated with the Committee for the Dismantling of the June 30, 1989 Regime and the Recovery of Public Funds (Dismantling Committee) on bail in the form of personal guarantees. The work of the Dismantling Committee had been interrupted since the October 25 military coup and the detainees accused of alleged embezzlement of public funds. Most of the 19 detainees had been detained for about three months. Among those released were former Cabinet Affairs Minister Khalid Omer Yousif and former Sovereign Council member Muhammad Al-Faki.

10. At the same time, the authorities took several steps to reverse the accountability measures put in place during Mr. Hamdok’s tenure. On March 7, security forces raided the premises of the office of an Independent Commission of Inquiry which had been stipulated in the 2019 Constitutional Document and created by Mr. Hamdok when he was Prime Minister to investigate the murder of protesters in Khartoum on June 3, 2019. On March 21, the Central Bank of Sudan ordered national banks to unfreeze 646 individual bank accounts and 373 corporate bank accounts, which the Dismantling Committee had frozen as part of its work to fight against corruption and recovery of assets stolen under former President Omer Al-Bashir. Separately, on April 7, a Sudanese court issued a judicial decision acquitting former National Congress Party leader Ibrahim Ghandour and 12 others, citing lack of evidence. The defendants had been arrested in June 2020 for crimes against the state.

11. Implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement has remained uneven. On March 9 and 14, authorities in West Kordofan and South Kordofan, respectively, inaugurated deputy governors affiliated with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-Northern Malik Agar Faction faction, thus advancing the establishment of structures. of governance outlined under the Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile (Two Zones) track of the Juba Peace Agreement. Meanwhile, in eastern Sudan, on April 11, the Beja High Council announced its decision to reimpose a blockade on Port Sudan, citing the lack of resolution on the eastern path of the Juba peace accord. , to which he remains opposed. Some progress has been made in establishing security arrangements in Darfur, as described below.

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United Nations: Migration, declaration on trafficking adopted https://list-nation.com/united-nations-migration-declaration-on-trafficking-adopted/ Sat, 21 May 2022 13:02:15 +0000 https://list-nation.com/united-nations-migration-declaration-on-trafficking-adopted/ THE UNITED NATIONS – More than 100 countries have endorsed a statement calling on governments to step up efforts for safe and orderly migration, to crack down on human smuggling and trafficking, and to ensure that migrants are respected and receive health and care. ‘other services. The 13-page declaration was adopted by consensus by UN […]]]>

THE UNITED NATIONS –


More than 100 countries have endorsed a statement calling on governments to step up efforts for safe and orderly migration, to crack down on human smuggling and trafficking, and to ensure that migrants are respected and receive health and care. ‘other services.


The 13-page declaration was adopted by consensus by UN member countries attending a four-day meeting to consider the first international agreement dealing with migration. The Global Compact was endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2018, and participants at this week’s meeting recommended that the 193-member global body also endorse Friday’s declaration in the coming months.


Assembly Speaker Abdulla Shahid said many migrants leave their countries to find work while others are forced to leave due to violence, poverty, environmental degradation and of climate change.


“Whatever their situation, the international community has a responsibility to ensure that the human rights of all those involved are respected,” he told a news conference on Friday.


The statement expresses concern “that progress in facilitating and harnessing the benefits of safe, orderly and regular migration is slow and uneven in many areas” and stresses that “increased efforts are needed on the part of Member States to develop ambitious national responses for the implementation of the Global Compact.


Antonio Vitorino, director general of the International Organization for Migration, told a press conference ahead of the adoption that there are several areas where “an extra push” is needed to make the vision of the Global Compact a reality: “respect for human rights, access to basic services, alternatives to the detention of migrants and, above all, I insist, saving the lives of migrants.


The statement said that no less than 281 million people were international migrants in 2020 worldwide, of which 48% were women and girls and 15% were under the age of 20. It recognized “the value and dignity of the work of all migrant workers everywhere” and said it had transferred more than US$751 billion in remittances, which are “an essential source of support for families and communities. to their country of origin.


The 34-page pact addresses all aspects of migration – why people leave their countries of origin, how to protect them, integrate them and cooperate to bring them home safely. Its principles include recognizing the sovereignty of nations and reaffirming that migrants have the same human rights as all other peoples which “shall be respected, protected and fulfilled at all times”.


The pact has 23 goals “for safe, orderly and regular migration” which aim to strengthen cooperation in the management of legal migration and discourage illegal border crossings.


These range from technical issues such as data collection, ensuring that migrants have proof of their legal identity and promoting a faster and safer transfer of income from migrant workers, to issues such as the prevention and eradication of trafficking, access to basic services for migrants and the use of immigration detention “only as a measure of last resort”.


Vitorino said 15,000 migrants have died “in dangerous and perilous migration tragedies” since the adoption of the Global Compact.


“We believe it is necessary to intensify some rescue operations, especially for migrants crossing the sea, desert and jungle,” he said.


“We have a number of hotspots and know where the problems are,” Vitorino said, pointing to the Gulf of Aden, the central Mediterranean and the jungle of Darien Gap, the inhospitable strip of land that separates Colombia. and Panama.


“We need to be more efficient in opening up regular channels for migration,” he said. “It is the real alternative to let migrants be subject to traffickers and smugglers, because trafficking and smuggling is the most heinous attempt against the fundamental rights of migrants.”


The top UN migration official said all migrants move in vulnerable conditions, but some are more vulnerable than others, including women and girls who have been “particularly prone to abusers, gender-based violence and rape”.


The statement said migrants continue to struggle to obtain humanitarian assistance, including search and rescue efforts at sea and medical care, “which creates and exacerbates situations of vulnerability”.


“Limited progress has been made in distinguishing the activities of smuggling networks from the provision of assistance of an exclusively humanitarian nature to migrants along perilous routes and in other situations where their life or safety is at risk” , did he declare. “In many cases, the provision of such assistance has been deemed illegal.”


In the statement, the governments said they are committed to eliminating all forms of discrimination targeting migrants, including racism, xenophobia, stigma, hate speech and hate crime. They also pledge to protect freedom of expression and “to respect, protect and fulfill the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all migrants”.


Vitorino said the statement provides guidelines for action “and we are ready to work over the next four years to make a difference, every day, to improve outcomes, thinking above all about the millions of lives of migrants. which depend on international protection and cooperation.”

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UN human rights commissioner slammed for planned visit to Xinjiang | The United Nations https://list-nation.com/un-human-rights-commissioner-slammed-for-planned-visit-to-xinjiang-the-united-nations/ Fri, 20 May 2022 17:29:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-human-rights-commissioner-slammed-for-planned-visit-to-xinjiang-the-united-nations/ A group of 40 politicians from 18 countries have told the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights that she risks lasting damage to the credibility of her office if she visits China’s Xinjiang region the following day. next week. Michelle Bachelet is due to visit Kashgar and Ürümqi in Xinjiang on her trip, which begins […]]]>

A group of 40 politicians from 18 countries have told the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights that she risks lasting damage to the credibility of her office if she visits China’s Xinjiang region the following day. next week.

Michelle Bachelet is due to visit Kashgar and Ürümqi in Xinjiang on her trip, which begins Monday. Human rights organizations say China has forced an estimated 1 million or more people into internment camps and prisons in the region. The United States and a number of other Western countries have branded China’s treatment of the Uyghur minority there as genocidal, a charge Beijing calls the “lie of the century”.

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In a statement seen by the Guardian ahead of its publication, politicians from the Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China (IPac) accused Beijing of staging a “Potemkin-style tour”. In particular, they said they feared the government would use the cover of coronavirus restrictions to prevent the visit from being as free as it should be.

The group includes six politicians under Chinese government sanctions, including Reinhard Bütikofer, the German Green MEP and chairman of the Chinese delegation to the European Parliament; Helena Kennedy, the Labor peer; and Iain Duncan Smith, the former leader of the Conservative Party.

The politicians pointed to the UN’s terms of reference for such visits, which specify that the commissioner should enjoy freedom of movement, conversations with people active in civil society and confidential and unsupervised access to witnesses, all of whom could be undermined by China’s repression in the region and its Covid-19 restrictions.

As such, they said, it was difficult to envision a scenario in which a meaningful visit could be made.

Bachelet demanded unfettered access to what will be the first visit to China by a human rights chief since 2005. This follows intense negotiations with the Chinese government that lasted months over the terms of its access.

Rights groups have warned that the terms of the visit have not been disclosed and have expressed concern that Chinese authorities, who have always said they are only interested in a “friendly visit “, could manipulate the trip.

Alleged human rights abuses in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region include forced labor, forced sterilization and arbitrary detention of at least one million Uyghur Muslims. Beijing has vehemently denied all the allegations and blamed “anti-China forces” for stoking the controversy.

Ipac said, “The scale and severity of the persecution of Uyghurs and other minorities is exceptionally well documented. Indeed, the high commissioner herself has prepared a report on the situation which remains unpublished, despite assurances in December 2021 that it would be published “in a matter of weeks”. So the stakes are very high.

“If the High Commissioner fails to gain the necessary access to a serious investigation, the credibility of the office could suffer lasting damage and the ability of OHCHR to secure future serious investigations may well be compromised. Covid restrictions should not be rolled out as reason to excuse PRC [People’s Republic of China] for not allowing a serious investigation.

Activists say China has violated human rights ‘on an unimaginable scale and scale’ since then-Human Rights Commissioner Louise Arbor’s visit there more ten years old.

“[This is] partly because there is no fear of accountability,” said Sophie Richardson, China director at Human Rights Watch. “The High Commissioner must work to end, not allow, this perception.”

According to Bachelet’s official program, she will meet with civil society organizations, business representatives and academics in China. She will also give a lecture to the students of the University of Guangzhou.

An advance team was sent to China late last month and carried out a lengthy quarantine in the country, which is in the midst of another coronavirus outbreak. Bachelet will not need to quarantine upon arrival. Her office said she would not be traveling to Beijing due to Covid-19 restrictions. At the end of her mission, a statement will be released and she is due to hold a press conference on May 28. No international journalist will be allowed to travel with her.

Bachelet’s journey will be followed closely by Beijing as well as by the international community. Last week, in a report to Congress, the US State Department outlined plans to step up pressure on China to end what it called “horrific abuses” against Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.

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I was working to win, says Miss United Nations 2022 | News https://list-nation.com/i-was-working-to-win-says-miss-united-nations-2022-news/ Wed, 18 May 2022 05:08:38 +0000 https://list-nation.com/i-was-working-to-win-says-miss-united-nations-2022-news/ Surprised, excited but not shocked, how Miss United Nations World 2022 Toni-Ann Lalor explained her reaction after being announced the winner in the final in New Delhi, India on May 7. Talk with the gleaner at the VIP lounge at Norman Manley International Airport on Saturday afternoon, Lalor credited her innate friendliness and amazing ability […]]]>

Surprised, excited but not shocked, how Miss United Nations World 2022 Toni-Ann Lalor explained her reaction after being announced the winner in the final in New Delhi, India on May 7.

Talk with the gleaner at the VIP lounge at Norman Manley International Airport on Saturday afternoon, Lalor credited her innate friendliness and amazing ability to connect with people from different cultures, as well as her country’s outpouring of support, as reasons why she won the crown and the title.

Enrolling her mother, grandmother, godmother Seprod, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries and speech and diction coach Ian Andrews among her support groups, Lalor has always believed that she would keep its promises.

“I was working to win. I had made all my preparations and I was mentally preparing for it. I was looking forward to it,” she recalls. Despite this, at the last moment, she found herself in conversation with herself.

“The big night before we went on, I was like, ‘This is your moment, make it count, put it all on stage’.”

Lalor believes she scored very high in the interview before last night, a section that counted for a significant number of points.

“I think I did very well because they mostly asked me questions about agriculture, poverty, hunger and my impact in my community and country. They asked me quite a few questions which I was empowered to talk about, having had the experience of Miss World, I felt ready but I was not going to count my eggs before they hatched,” a- she admitted.

“So when I was called I was like surprised, excited but not shocked because I had done the job and so grateful that they (the judges) saw it.”

Although she had competed internationally before, the reigning Jamaican National Farm Queen was surprised at how well she connected with the hosts as well as the other competitors.

“I’ve always been praised for my effervescence, but given that there were so many people from so many different backgrounds, from so many different countries, there are language barriers and what they kept to say is, ‘Toni, you’re amazing, your authenticity, the way you connect, your love is so warm,’ she said.

“I think the biggest part of it is that I was able to connect with people and build friendships. It was my Jamaican identity, honestly and when we went to different places, the Indians liked me so much that the other girls would say, “Miss Jamaica, you always pay attention” so every time we took the bus, they would say “Miss Jamaica, today is not your day, but it is the Jamaican that shines through.

Agriculture and Fisheries Minister Pearl Charles Jr, who was on hand to welcome Lalor, applauded the fact that she had always proudly declared herself a farmer, wherever she went in the world.

christopher.serju@gleanerjm.com

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United Nations Institute for Training and Research, Bard College’s Longy School of Music and Global Foundation for the Performing Arts Announce Global Access Diploma in Music Teacher Education https://list-nation.com/united-nations-institute-for-training-and-research-bard-colleges-longy-school-of-music-and-global-foundation-for-the-performing-arts-announce-global-access-diploma-in-music-teacher-education/ Fri, 13 May 2022 12:35:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/united-nations-institute-for-training-and-research-bard-colleges-longy-school-of-music-and-global-foundation-for-the-performing-arts-announce-global-access-diploma-in-music-teacher-education/ CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 13, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITARY), Longy music school of College Bard (Longy) and the World Foundation for the Performing Arts (GFPA), announce a partnership to expand access to Longy’s Master of Music in Music Education worldwide. Launching in fall 2022, this program will equip […]]]>

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 13, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITARY), Longy music school of College Bard (Longy) and the World Foundation for the Performing Arts (GFPA), announce a partnership to expand access to Longy’s Master of Music in Music Education worldwide. Launching in fall 2022, this program will equip educators to champion creative youth development and cross-cultural exchange in classrooms around the world.

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“At a time that requires a deeper global connection, the universal language of the arts is a powerful tool to foster understanding. UNITAR proudly and confidently partners with GFPA and Longy to enable music teachers to inspire a new generation of artists as thought and change leaders This partnership is our first step in cultural and artistic offerings, adding to UNITAR’s vast portfolio of courses that serves the world.
Ambassador Marco Suazo (UNITAR)

The three organizations share a bold vision of universal access to music education. Longy’s innovation in music education is to root it in culturally responsive teaching, centered on each student’s identity. Long-trained educators create spaces of belonging and respect, and challenge and empower their students.

“The UNITAR, GFPA and Longy partnership brings together three organizations that share a belief in the central role of arts and culture in a global community that works and thrives together. Longy’s culturally-appropriate program reinforces the UN philosophy that every voice matters. The impact of this partnership will reverberate around the world, in classrooms and beyond.”
—President Benjamin Woodroffe (GFPA)

“We believe that music teachers have a super power to inspire the next generation to change the world through the transformative power of music. Longy’s vision to expand access to high-quality music teacher education at a global audience is made possible through the UNITAR and GFPA partnership We are honored that UNITAR has chosen Longy’s Master of Music in Music Education as its first artistic and cultural offering.
—President Karen Zorn (Longy)

Learn more about the partners:

The United Nations Institute for Training and Research was established in 1965 by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly. UNITAR is governed by a Board of Trustees whose mission is to develop the individual, institutional and organizational capacities of countries and other UN stakeholders through high quality learning resources.

Anchored in the goal of improving global decision-making and supporting political and social action at the country level, UNITAR provides innovative learning resources to individuals, organizations and institutions, with established programs offering advanced degrees in international leadership, diplomacy, law and politics, as well as science and business. This partnership marks UNITAR’s first major program in the field of arts and cultural education.

Ja Global Foundation for the Performing Arts is an international foundation whose mission is to provide valuable arts education and professional support for performing arts practitioners while fostering a global community and enabling cross-cultural exchange. As a long-time partner of UNITAR, the Foundation is dedicated to supporting the performing arts, particularly in the fields of classical music and ballet through education, mentorship and collaboration.

GFPA is centered on the belief that young artists deserve to be guided by experienced musicians in order to stay true to their artistic practice. The Foundation provides advice to artists, competitions and institutions dedicated to rewarding the world’s future performers. The Foundation is a long-standing partner of UNITAR.

Longy music school of College Bard reinvented teaching at the conservatory. The school leads seismic change to center music as social change, expanding the world’s understanding of what a life in music can mean. Longy prepares students to engage the public; teach anyone, anywhere; and make a difference with their music.

To learn more, visit:
https://unitar.org/about/news-stories/news/unitar-longy-school-music-and-gfpa-announce-global-access-music-teacher-education-degree

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Nearly 20 million Afghans face extreme hunger, UN says https://list-nation.com/nearly-20-million-afghans-face-extreme-hunger-un-says/ Wed, 11 May 2022 01:53:25 +0000 https://list-nation.com/nearly-20-million-afghans-face-extreme-hunger-un-says/ Humanitarians have warned that nearly 20 million people in Afghanistan – almost half the population – are suffering from acute hunger in a UN-backed assessment released on Monday. The country’s most recent Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) research has identified a pocket of “catastrophic” food insecurity in the northeast, affecting thousands of people. The […]]]>

Humanitarians have warned that nearly 20 million people in Afghanistan – almost half the population – are suffering from acute hunger in a UN-backed assessment released on Monday. The country’s most recent Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) research has identified a pocket of “catastrophic” food insecurity in the northeast, affecting thousands of people. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a sister agency of the World Food Program (WFP), and a number of non-governmental groups collaborated on the study in January and February. Despite the fact that humanitarian aid helped stave off a food catastrophe in Afghanistan throughout the harsh winter, hunger remains at historic levels. The food security situation in the country, according to FAO Representative Richard Trenchard, is serious.

“Humanitarian assistance remains desperately important, as do the needs to rebuild shattered agricultural livelihoods and reconnect farmers and rural communities to struggling rural and urban markets across the country. Unless that happens, there will be no way out of this crisis,” he said. The IPC was developed in 2004 to determine the severity and extent of food insecurity and acute malnutrition situations in a country. The report projects a slight improvement in food security in Afghanistan from June to November, with the number of people facing acute food insecurity falling to 18.9 million.

This is partly due to the upcoming wheat harvest, which runs from May to August, as well as increased food aid this year and increased support for agriculture. “Food aid and emergency livelihood support are the lifeline of the Afghan people. We have mounted the world’s largest humanitarian food operation in months, reaching more than 16 million people since August 2021,” said Mary-Ellen McGroarty, Country Director and WFP Representative in Afghanistan. However, the report warns that any gains will be limited as persistent drought and economic crisis continue to threaten the lives and livelihoods of millions of people across the country.

Partners were particularly concerned that a small pocket of “catastrophic” levels of food insecurity – IPC 5, the highest phase of the scale – was detected, marking a first since the introduction of the scale in Afghanistan in 2011. The report says that although the upcoming harvest will bring some relief to millions, this relief will be short-lived for many. Fallout from the war in Ukraine continues to put pressure on wheat supply, food, agricultural inputs and fuel prices in Afghanistan. Additionally, access to seeds, fertilizers and water for irrigation is limited, job opportunities are scarce, and people have taken on huge debts to buy food in recent months.

Summary of news:

  • Nearly 20 million Afghans face extreme hunger, UN says
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Vietnamese PM to visit US, UN May 11-17 https://list-nation.com/vietnamese-pm-to-visit-us-un-may-11-17/ Mon, 09 May 2022 13:11:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/vietnamese-pm-to-visit-us-un-may-11-17/ VIETNAM, May 9 – Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính. — Photo VNA/VNS Dương Giang HÀ NỘI — Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính will attend the ASEAN-US summit and pay a working visit to the United States and the United Nations (UN) at the invitation of US President Joe Biden, according to the Ministry […]]]>

VIETNAM, May 9 –

Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính. — Photo VNA/VNS Dương Giang

HÀ NỘI — Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính will attend the ASEAN-US summit and pay a working visit to the United States and the United Nations (UN) at the invitation of US President Joe Biden, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The special ASEAN-US summit is due to take place in the capital Washington DC on May 12-13 to mark the 45th anniversary of ASEAN-US relations.

This is the second in-person summit between ASEAN and US leaders after the first in Sunnylands (US) in 2016, a summit scheduled for 2020 having been canceled and eventually switched to a virtual format in 2021 due to the global COVID-19 pandemic.

The two sides are expected to review the progress of the partnership over the past 45 years and set development directions for the future, as well as have in-depth discussions on cooperation issues of mutual concern such as trade and investment. , maritime security, post-pandemic recovery, infrastructure, climate change, science and technology.

Vietnam’s prime minister will also lead a high-level delegation to visit the United States and the United Nations from May 11-17, marking his first overseas trip since the country reopened as the situation interior of COVID-19 is under control. and socio-economic recovery is underway.

The visit bears significant significance in the implementation of Party and State foreign policy orientations, affirms the role and responsibility of Việt Nam within the Southeast Asian regional bloc and aims to strengthen links between ASEAN and the United States.

The trip underlines the constant position of Việt Nam in the implementation of the foreign policy of independence, autonomy, peace, friendship, cooperation, multilateralization and diversification of foreign relations, and that Việt Nam strives to become a reliable partner and an active and responsible member in the international community, while safeguarding the interests of the nation and the people in accordance with the fundamental principles of the Charter of the United Nations and international law, and in the spirit equality, cooperation and mutual benefit.

The visit is expected to create strong impetus for the long-term development, effectiveness, depth and stability of the Vietnam-US comprehensive partnership in the fields of politics, diplomacy, economy, trade and investment, science and technology, education and training. , and overcome the consequences of war.

The trip demonstrates Việt Nam’s strong commitment and active contribution to global peace and stability, helping to strengthen the comprehensive and effective cooperative relationship between Việt Nam and the UN as the two celebrate 45 years of partnership ( 1977-2022) and that Việt Nam seeks additional support from the UN in the areas of sustainable socio-economic development, post-pandemic resilience, response to climate change, implementation of the SDGs and deployment United Nations peacekeeping activities.

The visit also shows the Party and State’s care for the Vietnamese community in the United States, and is expected to galvanize their contributions to national development and sovereignty protection. —VNS

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UN Security Council scheduled session to discuss situation in BiH – Sarajevo Times https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-scheduled-session-to-discuss-situation-in-bih-sarajevo-times/ Sat, 07 May 2022 11:00:01 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-scheduled-session-to-discuss-situation-in-bih-sarajevo-times/ The United Nations (UN) Security Council has scheduled a session for May 11and discuss the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)based on a report by High Representative Christian Schmidt. It is important to note that tthese are regular sessions held in May and November on the basis of Office of the High Representative (BRH)semestrial report. […]]]>

The United Nations (UN) Security Council has scheduled a session for May 11and discuss the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)based on a report by High Representative Christian Schmidt.

It is important to note that tthese are regular sessions held in May and November on the basis of Office of the High Representative (BRH)semestrial report.

The debate and analysis of the situation in BiH are due to the political crisis and tensions in the country that have lasted for almost a year, but also the war in Ukraine and Russian influence in the Balkans.

This month, the UN Security Council is chaired by the United States (WE).

On May 11, 2022, the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) Christian Schmidt is due to present to the United Nations (UN) Security Council his second, a total of 61st semi-annual report of the Office of the High Representative (OHR) on the implementation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace (Dayton Agreement) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Milorad Dodik, a member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) led by Dodik, and the SNSD-led government and the National Assembly of Republika Srpska (NARS) entity, in a new report, which “leaked” to the public was mentioned 70 times in negative context, on each of a total of 18 pages, RSEwrites.

In an earlier report, Schmidt warned, among other things, that “the country is in imminent danger of disintegration” and that there is a “very realistic prospect of a return to conflict”.

Transfer of jurisdiction and sanctions

The OHR reports briefly describe the most important developments since the previous report.

Most of the content of this year’s first report is devoted to the actions of the authorities of the SR entity.

The SNSD is the ruling party in the RS and is part of the government at BiH level. Schmidt’s report cites situations in which party officials, led by member of the BiH Presidency Milorad Dodik, blocked the work of state institutions – the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly of BiH. BiH (PABiH).

The Constitutional Court struck down three laws that attempted to register state ownership with the RS entity, and Schmidt’s report says the SNSD released a video directly attacking the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina for “having wanted to seize the forests, rivers and agricultural lands of the RS”.

Prior to the previous report, Dodik announced, among other things, that he would declare independence from RS in six months’ time if that entity is not restored to “original Dayton” jurisdiction.

He announced that the RS would withdraw its consent to the creation of the Armed Forces of BiH (AFBiH), the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of BiH (HJPC) and the Indirect Tax Authority of BiH (ITA BiH), would abolish the BiH Intelligence Agency and create an intelligence agency in the RS entity and withdraw approval for the establishment of the National Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA).

Borrowing and Blockade of State-Owned Enterprises

Schmidt also presented economic data on almost 376,000 unemployed people in BiH, that the lowest pensions range from 207 to 382 BAM (from 105 to 195 euros), that in 2021 alone around 170,000 people left BiH and that the total public debt exceeded 12.81 billion BAM (about 6.55 billion euros) or about 34.82% of GDP.

The report also states that the entity Federation of BiH (FBiH) adopted a budget in the amount of BAM 5.59 billion (approx. EUR 2.86 billion), where a deficit of BAM 929 million (approx. 470 million euros) has been offered, which the government plans to cover by borrowing.

The budget of the RS is around 4 billion BAM (about 2.06 billion euros), a quarter of which is covered by debt.

Schmidt also highlighted the difficult financial situation of the state public broadcaster BHRT (BiH Radio and Television), as well as the Bosnian Railway Public Corporation, the only public company in charge of managing the railway infrastructure in BiH. According to them, the RS Radio Television entity (RTRS) and the RS Railways refuse to pay the RTV fee, that is, they reduce transfers.

E.Dz.

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My greatest achievement so far is being a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador – Rocky Dawuni https://list-nation.com/my-greatest-achievement-so-far-is-being-a-united-nations-goodwill-ambassador-rocky-dawuni/ Thu, 05 May 2022 18:46:40 +0000 https://list-nation.com/my-greatest-achievement-so-far-is-being-a-united-nations-goodwill-ambassador-rocky-dawuni/ Rocky Dawuni has revealed that his greatest achievement to date was being a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for the Environment in Africa. Speaking on GTV’s Breakfast show on May 2, he said working with the United Nations as an ambassador, preaching against plastic pollution has been pretty intense for him. “I have joined the United […]]]>

Rocky Dawuni has revealed that his greatest achievement to date was being a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador for the Environment in Africa.

Speaking on GTV’s Breakfast show on May 2, he said working with the United Nations as an ambassador, preaching against plastic pollution has been pretty intense for him.

“I have joined the United Nations and all member states for a landmark agreement on plastics. Plastic pollution has become a problem facing all countries as well as human beings,” he explained.

Rocky Dawuni said that “when you test our blood, you will find microplastics in our systems because of all the plastics we use, which is a health issue as well as an environmental issue.”

Rocky Dawuni added that this is the first time that all countries have come forward for a binding agreement on which he (Rocky) played a pivotal role in helping member states reach an agreement.

My greatest achievement so far is being a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador - Rocky Dawuni

He concluded by revealing that his focus is now on the environment, i.e. deforestation, plastic issues as well as flooding.

Rocky Dawuni is a Ghanaian singer, songwriter and record producer who performs his “Afro Roots” sound which is a blend of Reggae, Afrobeat, Highlife and Soul music. He currently lives between Ghana and Los Angeles.

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MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (AP) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday… https://list-nation.com/maiduguri-nigeria-ap-united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres-on-tuesday/ Tue, 03 May 2022 20:30:51 +0000 https://list-nation.com/maiduguri-nigeria-ap-united-nations-secretary-general-antonio-guterres-on-tuesday/ MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (AP) — United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday praised Nigerian authorities’ ongoing reintegration of defectors from the jihadist group Boko Haram, which has led a decade-long insurgency, as “the best thing we can do for peace”. .” Speaking to reporters in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state where the insurgency is centred, […]]]>

MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (AP) — United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Tuesday praised Nigerian authorities’ ongoing reintegration of defectors from the jihadist group Boko Haram, which has led a decade-long insurgency, as “the best thing we can do for peace”. .”

Speaking to reporters in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state where the insurgency is centred, António Guterres also called for more global funding to help rebuild lives in northeast Nigeria, where rebels operate.

“The best thing we can do for peace is to reintegrate those who, in a moment of desperation, became terrorists but now want to…contribute to the well-being of their brothers and sisters,” said the head of the UN after meeting ex-militants at a rehabilitation camp in Maiduguri.

The Nigerian military said in March that 1,629 of the veterans had so far graduated from the reintegration programme.

In the final leg of his three-nation West African tour, the UN chief visits Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, for the first time, where he appealed to the world’s donors to support humanitarian aid in the northeast.

Boko Haram, Nigeria’s Islamic extremist rebels, launched an insurgency in 2009, to fight against Western education and to establish Islamic Sharia in Nigeria.

Their rebellion has spread over the years to neighboring West African countries of Cameroon, Niger and Chad. Boko Haram was condemned by the international community in 2014 when it abducted 276 schoolgirls from the village of Chibok, more than 100 of whom are still missing.

Ahead of his trip to Nigeria, Guterres was in Niger on Monday where he expressed deep concern over jihadist violence in the Sahel, the vast semi-arid area south of the Sahara Desert. “The international community must realize that this is no longer just a regional or African problem, but a global threat,” he said.

In Nigeria, António Guterres visited a camp for people displaced by violence.

“People I met today want to go home,” he said. But before they return, he said, the authorities must put in place the necessary conditions – “security conditions, development conditions”.

See also

Jihadist violence has directly led to the deaths of around 35,000 people and the displacement of at least 2.1 million people, according to data from UN agencies in Nigeria.

“I will be your advocate in asking the international community to support and invest in the Borno of Hope,” António Guterres told Borno State Governor Babagana Zulum, who led efforts to resettle the people. displaced people in their communities.

Amid efforts to return displaced people to the homes they fled years earlier, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said on Sunday that the war against the militants was “nearing its end”.

But according to the International Crisis Group, a Brussels-based think tank, the jihadist group – particularly its most dominant faction, the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) – is “consolidating its grip on new rural areas in Borno State, central and southern Nigeria.”

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