Independent nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ Tue, 24 May 2022 10:08:24 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://list-nation.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-120x120.png Independent nations – List Nation http://list-nation.com/ 32 32 Gareth Southgate set to name England squad for four Nations League matches https://list-nation.com/gareth-southgate-set-to-name-england-squad-for-four-nations-league-matches/ Mon, 23 May 2022 17:23:23 +0000 https://list-nation.com/gareth-southgate-set-to-name-england-squad-for-four-nations-league-matches/ Gareth Southgate names his penultimate squad ahead of the Winter World Cup on Tuesday as England prepare to play four Nations League matches over an 11-day period. A breathless Premier League season has only just come to an end and the Champions League final follows on Saturday, but international football is now poised to ramp […]]]>

Gareth Southgate names his penultimate squad ahead of the Winter World Cup on Tuesday as England prepare to play four Nations League matches over an 11-day period.

A breathless Premier League season has only just come to an end and the Champions League final follows on Saturday, but international football is now poised to ramp up.

There are just two sides left before the start of England’s World Cup campaign against Iran on November 21, with preparations continuing with four Nations League matches in June.

Southgate lead his side to Hungary and Germany next week, before hosting Euro 2020 final opponents Italy and Hungary at Molineux as the national team hit the road.

The Three Lions boss will name his selection for the Group A3 matches on Tuesday afternoon at Wembley – the first squad to be revealed in person since November 2019.

Southgate could well become an expanded squad given the hectic schedule at the end of a grueling season, and preparation time for Qatar is running out.

Uncapped Jarrod Bowen is set to be included at the end of a superb season at West Ham, having been left out of March friendlies with a heel problem.

Crystal Palace’s Eberechi Eze has reportedly caught Southgate’s attention. The 23-year-old was due to be named in England’s provisional European Championship squad after suffering an abnormal Achilles tendon injury.

West Ham’s Jarrod Bowen (right) is expected to be included (Adam Davy/PA)

(PA wire)

James Maddison, meanwhile, has pleaded for an end to his time in the international wilderness.

The 25-year-old midfielder hasn’t been called up to the squad since his debut in November 2019 and ended the campaign in superb form at Leicester, scoring 18 goals in all competitions.

“There’s nothing more he can do,” Foxes boss Brendan Rodgers said of Maddison’s England hopes after scoring in Sunday’s 4-1 game against Southampton.

“He was absolutely brilliant. He has been hungry since this difficult start for him. He has power and quality, he scores today and creates one.

“He’s not tense, he’s free. He is in good shape and plays the games. He races and does the work. We have other players who need to do more and have a bigger impact on the game, but he himself was absolutely brilliant.

“He is strong defensively, has been aggressive and his footballing talent is there for everyone to see.

“Look at his numbers, he’s been top class and has been – by far – our best player.”

Kyle Walker (right) is set to return to the England squad (Martin Rickett/PA)

(PA wire)

Fikayo Tomori made his Three Lions debut the same month as Maddison and added just one more cap, but the Serie A winner has made an excellent record to be involved in his performances for AC Milan .

Kyle Walker is set to return after Southgate decided to switch to younger right-backs in March – a pair of Manchester United friendlies Marcus Rashford and Jadon Sancho were overlooked.

Whether the pair have done enough with United to merit a recall is debatable, while there will certainly be questions about their continued faith in Harry Maguire.

The defender was booed by England fans at Wembley last time out in the friendly against Ivory Coast.

United left-back Luke Shaw has just returned from surgery on his leg which he broke in 2015, so England duty may come too soon. Fellow left-back Ben Chilwell remains sidelined.

Marc Guehi – who is struggling with an ankle injury – Tyrick Mitchell and Kyle Walker-Peters made their debuts in March, when Aaron Ramsdale, Trent Alexander-Arnold, Reece James, Tammy Abraham and John Stones retired.

Bukayo Saka has left camp after testing positive for Covid-19 and Arsenal boss Mikel Arteta has revealed he will speak to Southgate about the striker’s rest this month.

Kalvin Phillips, who has just helped Leeds survive the downside, is set to return to the domestic setup. Named England Player of the Year 2021, a hamstring problem ruled him out of March games.

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Biden must promote democracy among Asian nations – including Vietnam https://list-nation.com/biden-must-promote-democracy-among-asian-nations-including-vietnam/ Sun, 22 May 2022 17:00:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/biden-must-promote-democracy-among-asian-nations-including-vietnam/ We welcome the special U.S.-ASEAN summit held recently in Washington and believe it is an achievement of the Biden administration that could usher in a “new era” in relations between our country and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as part of the US Indo-Pacific strategy to counter Chinese aggression in the region. […]]]>

We welcome the special U.S.-ASEAN summit held recently in Washington and believe it is an achievement of the Biden administration that could usher in a “new era” in relations between our country and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as part of the US Indo-Pacific strategy to counter Chinese aggression in the region.

The summit agenda included a range of topics such as climate action, sustainable development, inclusive prosperity, maritime cooperation, health and education. However, he omitted democracy. In a side meeting between Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh, the former assured the latter that the two countries are strong partners with “a shared vision for security in the region” and “for the strongest possible economic ties”. Additionally, “the United States strongly supports a strong, independent, and prosperous Vietnam,” Blinken said.

We find Blinken’s remarks disconcerting. Even though the Communist Party of Vietnam (VCP) has far surpassed the Communist Party of China (CCP) in terms of political reform, it is still essentially a one-party communist dictatorship. No matter how strong, independent and prosperous an undemocratic Vietnam is, it would be insincere in maintaining peace and could betray the United States and other ASEAN states. Vietnam’s quarrels with its former ally China are territorial, not ideological. We can foresee a future where Beijing welcomes Hanoi’s territorial claims, even in the South China Sea. In this case, Vietnam could switch sides as soon as its territorial disputes are resolved, making the regime an unreliable US partner.

Given its often unfortunate experiences with Vietnam and China, the United States has a plethora of historical lessons to learn from. To counter the global expansion of the Soviet Union, for example, President Richard Nixon opened the door to China in hopes of ending the Vietnam War and resisting Soviet expansion. The United States altered China’s economic trajectory in the hope that prosperity would produce a middle class that would demand political change. Unfortunately, and disastrously for American strategic interests, this turned out to be wishful thinking. Washington ended up creating a formidable adversary that became the greatest threat to US national security, US allies, and the existing world order.

Certainly, there are centripetal forces in the Sino-Vietnamese relationship that include the legacy of the 1979 war, the border clashes through much of the 1980s, the 1988 clash in the South China Sea, other territorial disputes and Chinese support for the Khmer Rouge after Vietnam. invasion of Cambodia/Kampuchea. But there is also an ideological affinity between them. Like China, Vietnam is a one-party state. In fact, the CCP trained many top VCP leaders, instigated and supported the VCP’s invasion of South Vietnam.

The PCV is as brutal, ruthless and inhumane as the CCP. It has a history of persecution and repression of its people, continuing to deny them political and civil rights. Today, the VCP regime is reported to have imprisoned hundreds of political activists and prisoners, many of whom received unfair trials and harsh sentences. Human Rights Watch has confirmed that the Vietnamese government systematically restricts the freedom of movement rights of political and human rights activists.

In this time of geopolitical flux caused by the rise of China and its efforts to shape the international order towards totalitarian beliefs, values ​​and ideology matter a lot. These are essential elements of the West’s fight against China and will help determine whether the United States maintains its global leadership or cedes it to China’s totalitarian vision of global policy.

If the United States is to build a lasting partnership for peace with the countries of Southeast Asia, shared values ​​and respect for human rights are fundamental. For the US-ASEAN partnership to respond effectively to the Chinese threat, the trajectories of all partners must converge. This challenge is less a cultural challenge than a conflict of values ​​and ideology.

Unfortunately, in Vietnam, a few ruling elites reject constitutional democracy and universal values ​​to retain their power. One consequence is that it is difficult for the United States to promote security and economic development there without promoting freedom, democracy, human dignity and the universal values ​​enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of human rights. If the United States focuses only on building a strong, independent and prosperous Vietnam, it risks creating another China. And if that were to happen, Vietnam would be a major regional force that would be hostile to US and ASEAN interests. A communist Vietnam that does not respect human rights and human dignity, and does not want to share power with its people, is a danger to the stability of the region – and to America’s ability to forge a strong and united network of states capable of supporting Washington against Beijing.

As the United States is tested in the Sino-American security competition, it needs allies with a shared vision. It needs a strong partnership that can be sustained in the face of China’s aggression. To deal with the dangers posed by Beijing, the US-ASEAN partnership must be based on similar values.

It is therefore essential that the United States realize that communist values ​​and ideology are the definition of the VCP. This makes Vietnam a potentially unreliable partner for the United States and its Democratic allies in the Indo-Pacific. The United States must promote democracy in Vietnam – and strengthen democracy in other ASEAN countries – to create the strongest possible coalition to resist China’s expansion and avoid the strategic mistakes of the past.

Lianchao Han is vice president of Citizen Power Initiatives for China. After the Tiananmen Square Massacre in 1989, he was one of the founders of the Independent Federation of Chinese Students and Scholars. He worked in the US Senate for 12 years, serving as legislative counsel and policy director for three senators.

Bradley A. Thayer is the co-author of “How China sees the world: Han-centrism and the balance of power in international politics.”

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Virgin Media secures UEFA Nations League rights in new deal https://list-nation.com/virgin-media-secures-uefa-nations-league-rights-in-new-deal/ Fri, 20 May 2022 22:00:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/virgin-media-secures-uefa-nations-league-rights-in-new-deal/ Irish football fans will be able to watch live UEFA Nations League matches, finals and European qualifiers for the UEFA Euro and FIFA World Cup for free on Virgin Media TV in what the broadcaster is calling a “major blow” for Irish sports fans. he company announced tonight that it has secured multi-platform rights for […]]]>

Irish football fans will be able to watch live UEFA Nations League matches, finals and European qualifiers for the UEFA Euro and FIFA World Cup for free on Virgin Media TV in what the broadcaster is calling a “major blow” for Irish sports fans.

he company announced tonight that it has secured multi-platform rights for the UEFA Nations League and UEFA Nations League Final from 2022-2025, UEFA European Qualifiers for UEFA EURO 2024 and European Qualifiers for the FIFA World Cup 2026.

The deal gives Virgin Media Irish the right to show top international matches involving Europe’s top teams such as England, France, Germany, Belgium and Italy, as well as highlights from all matches Irish football internationals for the next four years, according to a statement from the broadcaster. .

June will see a celebration of football, starting on June 1 with the Finalissima between UEFA EURO 2020 winners Italy and Copa America holders Argentina.

The 2022 World Cup European Qualifiers featuring Scotland v Ukraine and Poland v Wales will also be shown on Virgin Media Television.

Virgin Media Television will also have exclusive Irish free-to-air rights to England matches when they take on Germany, Italy and Hungary in June.

Mick McCaffrey, Head of News and Sports at Virgin Media Television, said: “This is great news for Irish football fans as we continue our investment in top-flight international football. Our agreement with UEFA will see the best matches broadcast live and unencrypted on Virgin Media Television.

“The Nations League has been a really successful concept and we’re really looking forward to bringing all of the tournament’s live matches to our viewers in June and for the next four years. We’ll also be showing the tournament final.”

“Virgin Media will also host the main UEFA EURO 2024 European qualifiers and the 2026 FIFA World Cup European qualifiers,” he added.

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Nations Lending Breezes Across Southern California With New Branch https://list-nation.com/nations-lending-breezes-across-southern-california-with-new-branch/ Wed, 18 May 2022 14:00:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/nations-lending-breezes-across-southern-california-with-new-branch/ COSTA MESA, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Leading full-service mortgage lender Nations Lending has announced the opening of its brand new California branch in Costa Mesa. Quy Huynh will lead the office as branch manager. He will report to Regional Sales Manager Mike Towery and Divisional Sales Manager Nino Saso. Huynh joined the company from Movement Mortgage, leading as […]]]>

COSTA MESA, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Leading full-service mortgage lender Nations Lending has announced the opening of its brand new California branch in Costa Mesa. Quy Huynh will lead the office as branch manager. He will report to Regional Sales Manager Mike Towery and Divisional Sales Manager Nino Saso.

Huynh joined the company from Movement Mortgage, leading as a branch manager for over seven years. He is a 24-year industry veteran and has an impressive resume. During his career, he was selected to the Presidents Club several times, won the Scotsman’s Guide Awards for production volume, and led teams that produced over $500 million in volume per year.

Huynh is originally from Vietnam, but came to America in 1981 and moved to Southern California in 1989 – a place he would soon call home.

“Opening this branch with Nations Lending is an incredible milestone for the company and for me personally,” said Huynh. “When I looked at the entrepreneurial spirit, culture and winning attitude of the company, the decision to join was easy.”

“Quy is someone who will take this region to the next level, and I look forward to supporting him as the branch grows,” said Mike Towery. “His drive is inspiring and his natural leadership style will help the branch grow tremendously.”

“We are delighted to welcome Quy to our team. His awards and accomplishments reflect his determination,” said Nino Saso. “He is the best person to lead the new branch of Costa Mesa and his leadership will be extremely valuable.

Since its inception in 2003, Nations Lending has become one of the fastest growing independent lenders in the country. It retains almost 100% of its mortgage servicing rights, offers a top-notch marketing platform and much more.

For more information, please visit www.nationslending.com.

About Nation Loans

Nations Lending Corporation™ is one of the fastest growing mortgage lenders in the United States. Based in the Cleveland, Ohio area, it is licensed to lend in all 50 states and employs more than 1,200 people at its headquarters and 134 branches across the United States. The company makes its mission of “home loans. made human. ™” an integral part of its mortgage experience, offering tailored customer service and a variety of programs to meet the needs of any homebuyer: FHA, VA, Conventional , Jumbo, USDA, and more. Nations is an agency direct lender with Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae and retains mortgage servicing rights to 96% of the loans it originates. The company is a two-time winner of the Inc. 5000, which lists the fastest growing private companies in the country. Nations was named one of the Top 100 Lenders by National Mortgage Professional Magazine; six-time winner of the Scotsman Guide’s Best Mortgage Lenders Award; and winner of Fortune magazine’s Top Workplaces for Millennials. Nations is consistently ranked among the top IMBs by National Mortgage Professional and Mortgage Executive Magazine. For more information, visit www.NationsLending.com.

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India ready to export wheat to needy countries despite ban https://list-nation.com/india-ready-to-export-wheat-to-needy-countries-despite-ban/ Sun, 15 May 2022 07:19:48 +0000 https://list-nation.com/india-ready-to-export-wheat-to-needy-countries-despite-ban/ India said on Sunday it would keep a window open to export wheat to food-deficit countries at government level despite restrictions announced two days earlier. India’s Commerce Secretary, BVR Subrahmanyam, told reporters that the government would also allow private companies to meet their previous pledges to export nearly 4.3 million tonnes of wheat until July. […]]]>

India said on Sunday it would keep a window open to export wheat to food-deficit countries at government level despite restrictions announced two days earlier.

India’s Commerce Secretary, BVR Subrahmanyam, told reporters that the government would also allow private companies to meet their previous pledges to export nearly 4.3 million tonnes of wheat until July. India exported 1 million tonnes of wheat in April.

India mainly exports wheat to neighboring countries like Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

A notice published in the Official Gazette by the Foreign Trade Directorate on Friday said a surge in world wheat prices threatened food security in India and neighboring and vulnerable countries.

One of the main purposes of export restrictions is to control rising domestic prices. World wheat prices have increased by more than 40% since the start of the year.

Before the war, Ukraine and Russia accounted for a third of world wheat and barley exports. Since the February 24 Russian invasion, Ukrainian ports have been blocked and civil infrastructure and grain silos have been destroyed.

At the same time, India’s wheat crop has been hit by a record heat wave that is slowing production.

He said India’s wheat production this year was down three million tonnes from last year’s 106 million tonnes. Wheat prices have soared 20-40% in India.

“The current price rise appears to be a panic reaction rather than a reaction based on a real supply collapse or a sudden demand explosion,” Subrahmanyam said.

Although it is the world’s second largest producer of wheat, India consumes most of the wheat it produces. It had set a target of exporting 10 million tonnes of grain in 2022-23, seeking to capitalize on global disruptions in wheat supplies due to war and find new markets for its wheat in Europe, in Africa and Asia.

Up to 90 million tonnes of wheat were consumed in India last year out of a total production of 109 million tonnes, Subrahmanyam said, adding that India exported 7 million tonnes of wheat last year.

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UN Security Council Condemns Killing of Shireen Abu Akleh | United Nations News https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-condemns-killing-of-shireen-abu-akleh-united-nations-news/ Sat, 14 May 2022 02:27:02 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-security-council-condemns-killing-of-shireen-abu-akleh-united-nations-news/ The Council also calls for an immediate and impartial investigation into the death of the Al Jazeera journalist who was shot dead earlier this week. The United Nations Security Council has unanimously condemned the killing of Palestinian-American Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh in the occupied West Bank, diplomats say. The statement, a rare case […]]]>

The Council also calls for an immediate and impartial investigation into the death of the Al Jazeera journalist who was shot dead earlier this week.

The United Nations Security Council has unanimously condemned the killing of Palestinian-American Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh in the occupied West Bank, diplomats say.

The statement, a rare case of Security Council unity on an Israel-related issue, also called for “an immediate, thorough, transparent and impartial investigation” into his death.

The UN Human Rights Office also called for a thorough and independent investigation into the killing, saying it could constitute a war crime.

According to diplomats who spoke on condition of anonymity with the AFP news agency, the negotiations at the Security Council on Friday were particularly arduous.

China has successfully pushed the United States to remove paragraphs condemning abuses against media around the world, defending their freedom and urging their protection while covering military operations, according to diplomatic sources and different versions of the statement. obtained by AFP during the discussions.

The final text stipulated that “journalists must be protected as civilians”.

Abu Akleh, an internationally respected veteran journalist for Al Jazeera, was shot dead by Israeli armed forces while covering a raid on the Jenin refugee camp in the occupied West Bank. She wore a helmet and vest that clearly identified her as a journalist.

The Security Council statement made no mention of the violence at Abu Akleh’s funeral on Friday.

Television footage showed pallbearers struggling to keep Abu Akleh’s coffin from falling to the ground as baton-wielding Israeli police charged at them, grabbing Palestinian flags from mourners.

The attacks were condemned by Al Jazeera as “a scene that violates all international norms and laws”.

The Israeli military said its initial investigation into Abu Akleh’s death showed a fierce gunfight was underway in Jenin about 200 yards (approximately 220 yards) from where she was killed, but that ‘She had not been able to determine whether she had been shot by Israeli forces or Palestinian fighters.

In a statement on Friday, the army said Palestinian gunmen recklessly fired hundreds of rounds at an Israeli military vehicle, some towards where Abu Akleh was standing. He said Israeli forces returned fire and without doing a ballistics analysis he was unable to determine who was responsible for his death.

Journalists who were with Abu Akleh, including one who was shot and wounded, said there were no clashes or fighters in the immediate area when she was killed.

Al Jazeera accused Israel of “flagrant murder” and called for an independent investigation into his death.

UN experts noted that Abu Akleh’s killing came amid rising violence in the occupied West Bank and Gaza in recent years.

Last year, the statement said, marked the highest number of Palestinian deaths resulting from clashes with Israelis since 2014. It also came amid a high rate of attacks on Palestinian journalists.

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Rich nations share space and its riches – and leave other countries behind https://list-nation.com/rich-nations-share-space-and-its-riches-and-leave-other-countries-behind/ Wed, 11 May 2022 13:06:23 +0000 https://list-nation.com/rich-nations-share-space-and-its-riches-and-leave-other-countries-behind/ (The Conversation is an independent, nonprofit source of news, analysis, and commentary from academic experts.) (THE CONVERSATION) Satellites help power the internet and television and are at the heart of the global positioning system. They enable modern weather forecasting, help scientists track environmental degradation, and play a huge role in modern military technology. Nations that […]]]>

(The Conversation is an independent, nonprofit source of news, analysis, and commentary from academic experts.)

(THE CONVERSATION) Satellites help power the internet and television and are at the heart of the global positioning system. They enable modern weather forecasting, help scientists track environmental degradation, and play a huge role in modern military technology.

Nations that do not have their own satellites providing these services depend on other countries. For those wishing to develop their own satellite infrastructure, the options are running out as space fills up.

I’m a researcher at Arizona State University, studying the broader benefits of space and ways to make it more accessible to developing countries.

Inequity is already playing out in access to satellites. In the not-too-distant future, the ability to extract resources from the Moon and asteroids could become a major point of difference between the haves and have-nots of space. As policies emerge, there is a risk that these inequalities will become permanent.

Where to park a satellite


Thanks to the rapid commercialization, miniaturization and falling costs of satellite technology in recent years, more countries are able to reap the benefits of space.

CubeSats are small, inexpensive, customizable satellites that are simple enough for high school students to build. Companies such as SpaceX can launch one of these satellites into orbit for a relatively low price – starting at $1,300 a pound. However, there are only a limited number of places to “park” a satellite orbiting Earth, and those fill up quickly.

The best parking lot is in geostationary orbit, about 22,250 miles (35,800 kilometers) above the equator. A satellite in geostationary orbit rotates at the same speed as the Earth, remaining directly above a single location on the Earth’s surface – which can be very useful for telecommunications, broadcasting and weather satellites.

There are only 1,800 geostationary orbital slots, and as of February 2022, 541 of them were occupied by active satellites. Countries and private companies have already claimed most of the unoccupied slots that provide access to major markets, and the satellites to fill them are currently being assembled or awaiting launch. If, for example, a new space nation wants to place a weather satellite above a specific location in the Atlantic Ocean that is already claimed, it will either have to choose a less optimal location for the satellite or buy services from the country. occupying the place. they wanted.

Orbital slots are allocated by a United Nations agency called the International Telecommunication Union. Slots are free to play, but are allocated to countries on a first-come, first-served basis. When a satellite reaches the end of its 15-20 year lifespan, a country can simply replace it and renew its grip on the slot. This effectively allows countries to retain these positions indefinitely. Countries that already have the technology to use geostationary orbit have a major advantage over those that don’t.

Although geostationary orbital slots are the most useful and limited, there are many other orbits around the Earth. These too are filling up, adding to the growing problem of space debris.

Low Earth orbit is approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) above the surface. Satellites in low Earth orbit move quickly in a very crowded environment. While this might be a good location for Earth imaging satellites, it’s not ideal for unique communications satellites – like those used to broadcast TV, radio and the internet.

Low Earth orbit can be used for communications if multiple satellites work together to form a constellation. Companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin are working on plans to put thousands of satellites into low Earth orbit over the next few years to deliver internet around the world. The first generation of SpaceX’s Starlink consists of 1,926 satellites, and the second generation will add 30,000 more in orbit.

At the current rate, major space players are rapidly occupying geostationary and low-Earth orbits, potentially monopolizing access to significant satellite capacity and adding to space junk.

Access to resources in space

Orbital slots are an area where inequality exists today. The future of space could be a gold rush for resources – and not everyone will benefit.

Asteroids contain amazing amounts of minerals and precious metals. Later this year, NASA launches a probe to explore an asteroid named 16 Psyche, which scientists estimate contains more than $10 billion in iron. Mining huge deposits of resources like this and transporting them to Earth could provide a massive boost to the economies of space nations while disrupting the economies of countries that currently depend on the export of minerals and metals.

Another very valuable resource in space is helium-3, a rare version of helium that scientists believe could be used in nuclear fusion reactions without producing radioactive waste. Although there are considerable technological hurdles to overcome before helium-3 is a feasible energy source, if it works, there are enough deposits on the Moon and elsewhere in the solar system to satisfy Earth’s energy needs for several centuries. If powerful space nations develop the technology to use and extract helium-3 — and choose not to share the benefits with other nations — it could lead to lasting inequality.

Existing international space laws are not well suited to manage the complex network of private companies and nations competing for resources in space. Countries organize themselves into groups – or “space blocks” – which unite on the objectives and rules of future space missions. Two notable space blocks plan missions to establish bases and potential mining operations on the Moon: the Artemis Accords, led by the United States, as well as Chinese and Russian joint ventures.

At the moment, the big players in space are setting the standards for exploiting resources. There is a risk that instead of focusing on what is best for everyone on Earth, competition drives those decisions, damaging the space environment and causing conflict. History shows that it is difficult to challenge international standards once they are established.

To advance

Access to space is essential to the functioning of a modern nation. Access to space will become increasingly important as humanity moves rapidly towards a future of space hotels and colonies on Mars.

The 1967 Outer Space Treaty, the founding document of space law, stipulates that space should be used “for the benefit and in the interest of all countries”. The policies that take shape today will determine whether this will be the case in the future.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article here: https://theconversation.com/wealthy-nations-are-carving-up-space-and-its-riches-and-leaving-other-countries-behind-182820.

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First Nations emergency professionals gather in Thunder Bay, Ontario ahead of wildfire season https://list-nation.com/first-nations-emergency-professionals-gather-in-thunder-bay-ontario-ahead-of-wildfire-season/ Mon, 09 May 2022 17:21:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/first-nations-emergency-professionals-gather-in-thunder-bay-ontario-ahead-of-wildfire-season/ With much of northern Ontario concerned about high water levels and the risk of flooding, First Nations emergency management professionals and organizations gathered in Thunder Bay, Ontario, in anticipation of the next wildfire season. The first After Action Responders Forum, hosted by the Northern Ontario Emergency Management Task Force, was designed to give First Nations […]]]>

With much of northern Ontario concerned about high water levels and the risk of flooding, First Nations emergency management professionals and organizations gathered in Thunder Bay, Ontario, in anticipation of the next wildfire season.

The first After Action Responders Forum, hosted by the Northern Ontario Emergency Management Task Force, was designed to give First Nations and those working in emergency management a chance to share their experiences, challenges and best practices from previous years.

“We wanted to give communities a voice, give them a platform where they could tell their stories…and how their experiences can help us move forward and provide community support,” Darrin said. Spence, president of emergency management. work group.

It was a significant opportunity for different communities, Spence said, especially since climate change is expected to bring more intense and frequent weather events that will disproportionately affect First Nations and northern communities.

The conference also followed a record wildfire season – with more hectares of land burned in Ontario in 2021 than in any other year in history and more than 3,000 people forced from their homes, including many remote first nations in the northwest.

“It’s always a traumatic event to be displaced from the community. There are always social issues, dealing with places that are unfamiliar to them, places that are not culturally familiar to them…it’ so is something we want to help communities,” Spence said.

It’s also why the task force is exploring a model that will see First Nations hosting other First Nations in an emergency, he said, a priority for many chiefs and community leaders in the region.

“Where we have a familiar face, we have people who speak the language, who know the culture, who understand where they’re from and who they are. That’s important,” Spence added.

Greg Meeches, who helped with the partial evacuation of Wabaseemoong Independent Nations during the 2021 wildfire season, says it was helpful to learn from the experiences of other northern Ontario First Nations forced to evacuate last year. (Logan Turner/CBC)

It’s something Greg Meeches was able to help secure for some Treaty 3 Wabaseemoong Independent Nations residents, who were forced to partially evacuate due to heavy smoke from the wildfires in proximity.

Meeches, who works in Wabaseemoong, contacted his home community of Long Plain Treaty 1 First Nation, about 110 kilometers west of Winnipeg, and arranged for rooms to be prepared. for some of the evacuees.

“We asked the chief and council to meet with the evacuees and assure them that they were safe there and would be treated as their own,” Meeches said, adding that there is now an established relationship. between the two communities in case they need to evacuate again. .

It’s also important that First Nations are prepared to receive evacuees after an emergency, said Derek Maud, former chief and now community emergency management coordinator for Lac Seul First Nation, which has taken in dozens of evacuees. during the 2021 wildfire season.

He said the First Nation sometimes only received 24 to 48 hours notice of people arriving at Lac Seul, so it was important they had trained volunteers and preparations made for food and drink. shelter. This is something the First Nation has incorporated into their emergency preparedness plan.

Derek Maud, Community Emergency Management Coordinator for Lac Seul First Nation, says he learned a lot from other conference attendees about best practices in creating a full-time EMS first responder program. . (Logan Turner/CBC)

While the conference was useful to talk about the upcoming wildfire season, Maud added that it was an important networking opportunity, given that the Community Emergency Management Coordinator position is relatively new to First Nations.

“Seeing what other people are doing and what I can integrate into my community – because we all share the same day-to-day situations, so we’re not really reinventing the wheel – that’s why I came here.”

One of those future projects, he added, is to improve emergency response in the community, including strengthening their fire department and creating a full-time EMS first responder program.

“Many First Nations, [their] the goal is to be self-sufficient and self-sufficient, and it is important to be prepared in case of an emergency.”

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UN denounces ‘shocking’ clashes between Christians and Muslims in Ethiopia https://list-nation.com/un-denounces-shocking-clashes-between-christians-and-muslims-in-ethiopia/ Sat, 07 May 2022 09:42:00 +0000 https://list-nation.com/un-denounces-shocking-clashes-between-christians-and-muslims-in-ethiopia/ UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said she was “deeply distressed” by the violence that erupted late last month in northern Ethiopia. UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said she was “deeply distressed” by the violence that erupted late last month in northern Ethiopia. The UN human rights chief expressed concern […]]]>

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said she was “deeply distressed” by the violence that erupted late last month in northern Ethiopia.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said she was “deeply distressed” by the violence that erupted late last month in northern Ethiopia.

The UN human rights chief expressed concern on May 7 at the recent deadly clashes between Muslims and Orthodox Christians in Ethiopia and called on the authorities to investigate and bring the perpetrators to justice.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said she was “deeply distressed” by violence that erupted late last month in northern Ethiopia, killing at least 30 people and injuring over 100 others.

“The clashes began in the city of Gondar, in the Amhara region, on April 26, apparently linked to a land dispute, before quickly spreading to other regions and to Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital. “, she said.

The Amhara Islamic Affairs Council said the funeral of a Muslim elder was raided, describing the scene as a “massacre” by heavily armed “Christian extremists”.

The cemetery where the attack occurred is adjacent to a mosque and a church and is the subject of an ongoing conflict between Muslims and Orthodox Christians, who are the dominant group in Ethiopia. “I understand that two mosques were burnt down and two others partially destroyed in Gondar,” Ms Bachelet said in her statement.

“In the apparent retaliatory attacks that followed, two Orthodox Christian men were reportedly burned to death, another man massacred and five churches burned” in the south-west of the country,” she said, adding that other regions had since experienced clashes.

“In total, police are believed to have arrested and detained at least 578 people in at least four towns in connection with the clashes,” she said.

“I call on the Ethiopian authorities to promptly open and conduct thorough, independent and transparent investigations into each of these deadly incidents,” Bachelet said.

Authorities should work to “ensure that those found responsible are held accountable”, she said, stressing that “individual accountability of perpetrators is key to preventing further violence”. At the same time, “those arrested must fully benefit from their rights to due process and a fair trial in accordance with international human rights law, without discrimination”.

The UN rights chief also called for broader action to reconcile communities in Ethiopia, where Muslims make up around a third of the population.

“To prevent further interfaith violence, it is crucial that the underlying causes of this shocking violence are promptly addressed,” she said, calling for “meaningful participation from survivors, families and affected communities.”

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Southeast Asian nations languish in annual press freedom rankings – The Diplomat https://list-nation.com/southeast-asian-nations-languish-in-annual-press-freedom-rankings-the-diplomat/ Wed, 04 May 2022 06:40:56 +0000 https://list-nation.com/southeast-asian-nations-languish-in-annual-press-freedom-rankings-the-diplomat/ Advertisement The latest edition of Reporters Without Borders’ (RSF) annual media freedom ranking paints a deflating, if unsurprising, picture of the state of the press in Southeast Asia, with 10 of the region’s 11 countries occupying positions in the bottom half of the rankings. The World Press Freedom Index, in which the Paris-based press advocacy […]]]>

The latest edition of Reporters Without Borders’ (RSF) annual media freedom ranking paints a deflating, if unsurprising, picture of the state of the press in Southeast Asia, with 10 of the region’s 11 countries occupying positions in the bottom half of the rankings.

The World Press Freedom Index, in which the Paris-based press advocacy group assesses the state of journalism in 180 countries and territories, was released yesterday to coincide with World Press Freedom Day. hurry. The report said the press situation was “very serious” in three Southeast Asian countries and “difficult” in seven others. Only one – Timor-Leste – ranked higher.

According to a statement accompanying its release, this year’s index highlights a continued decline in media freedoms, which reflects the growing power of authoritarian governments and “the disastrous effects of news and information chaos – the effects of a globalized and unregulated online information space that promotes fake news and propaganda.

Both of these trends were apparent in Southeast Asia, where the most prominent slider was Myanmar, which ranked 176th out of 180 countries and territories surveyed by RSF, up from 139th in last year’s survey. . This obviously reflects the country’s rapid descent into repression since the army seized power in February 2021.

Prior to the coup, the country’s government was far from a paragon of press freedom. Since last February, however, the situation has deteriorated considerably. Myanmar has become “one of the world’s biggest prisons for media professionals”, the report says, as the junta bans independent media and reinstates its old system of press censorship.

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The military government also detained more writers, scholars and public intellectuals than any other country last year. According to PEN America’s Write Freedom Index, released last month, Myanmar’s junta detained at least 26 writers in 2021 and now ranks third in the world behind Saudi Arabia, which currently has 29 writers in detention. detention, and China (85) . Two Burmese journalists have died in custody since the coup.

Vietnam, which, like China (175th position) and Laos (161st), is only two places behind Myanmar in RSF’s World Press Freedom, maintains a tight grip on the press. The same goes for Brunei (144th), where the main dailies are directly owned by the family of the absolute monarch, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, and where self-censorship by journalists is the norm.

The situation was little better in nominal democracies in the region, where the corrosive effects of media concentration and growing illiberalism undermined the freedom of the press to hold the centers of power to account. The Philippines, which came in 147th place, was one of many democracies in which the country’s outspoken media “faces pressure from increasingly authoritarian and/or nationalist governments”. Under President Rodrigo Duterte, the report adds, “some critical journalists [have been] targets of intense harassment campaigns, such as that targeting Nobel Peace Prize laureate Maria Ressa.

The next places were occupied by Cambodia (142nd position), where Prime Minister Hun Sen “ruthlessly attacked the press before the July 2018 legislative elections”, and Indonesia (117th), where freedom enjoyed by the country’s thriving press remains limited by the power of the military and radical Islamic movements.

Slightly ahead is Thailand (115), whose treatment of the press is in line with Prime Minister Prayut Chan-0-cha’s statement that journalists should “play a major role in supporting government business”, and Malaysia (113) , where journalists and editors have faced spurious legal challenges from powerful government figures. The report also spared no criticism of Singapore (139), whose tight regulatory control over the media “is not far behind China when it comes to suppressing press freedom” .

The only glimmer of light in an otherwise bleak picture was Timor-Leste, which ranked remarkably 17th, ahead of established democracies like Canada, Australia and the United States. There, a relatively free press has played an important role in consolidating the country’s young democratic system since its independence in 2002. But the state of politics in Southeast Asia suggests that despite all the hard work and bravery of the region’s media professionals, journalists will continue to be a risky profession for some time to come.

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